The Five Practices: Anticipate, Monitor, Select, Sequence, and Connect, from the book 5 Practices for Orchestrating Productive Mathematical Discussions by Margaret S. Smith and Mary Kay Stein, is a strategy used to help teachers guide classroom mathematical discussions. This is an instructional routine used in the Open-Up Math curriculum. This strategy can be used in any grade level Math class.
This is an instructional routine to develop and support effective, student-driven, academic discourse, created by Margaret Smith of the Institute of Learning and used in the Open Up Resources 6-8 Math Curriculum. It is appropriate for all math classrooms and could be adapted to other content areas. Using the 5 Practices, teachers strategically organize discourse for a math lesson. When determining an appropriate activity to use the 5 Practices, consider how active the student task or lesson is. Active learning is described as “involving students in doing things and thinking about what they are doing” (Bonwell and Eison 1991, p. 5). Does it provide students with more than one way to solve? Is it providing opportunities for students to problem solve, discuss, and explain their thinking? In the Open-Up Math curriculum, several of the steps (anticipating, sequencing, and connecting) are addressed through the materials provided in the activity narrative, launch, and synthesis sections.
Which problems will most likely be the most useful in addressing the mathematics?
What do you want to highlight during the select and sequencing steps?
How will students share their work with the class?