Allusions, Images, and Emotions In Poetry with Adobe Spark Video

Students annotate and analyze the words of a poem
2 teachers like this strategy

About This Strategy

This 2-hour strategy helps students to analyze allusions and images in poetry. Students will analyze a poem and annotate it to demonstrate their understanding. This may be done with paper and pencil or in Adobe Acrobat Reader. After annotating the poem,  students will explain their analysis by creating a 1- to 3-minute Adobe Spark Video. You can use this strategy for any literacy classroom, and it can be adapted for use with other Adobe Products, such as Adobe Premiere Rush.  

Because Adobe Spark Video enables short animated videos, this strategy empowers students to demonstrate their understanding of a poem  in a deep and meaningful way.

Supporting Tools and Resources

  • Student Sample 
  • Adobe Spark Video
  • Adobe Premiere Rush
  • Editable Resource Bundle
  • PDF Resource Bundle 

Outline for Teachers

120 minutes


The teacher will introduce how poets deliberately choose the words they use to evoke the feelings and emotions in readers. Then, the teacher defines allusion and its purpose in literature. Students engage in a mini discussion about the ways allusions fill in gaps of things not explicitly explained in a poem. Using a mentor text, students are  guided on how to focus their attention on words and phrases that impact the overall importance in a poem. (30 minutes)


Students independently read and annotate a poem. Using this guide, students dissect the true meanings found within the poem. Students may do a second read to continue annotating with a partner. (30 minutes)


Using Adobe Spark Video, students create a 1 - to 3-minute video explaining their analysis of the poem using specific lines from the poem as evidence. They use these steps to guide them. Students can examine an example here, and read/watch a tutorial here.  (60 minutes)


Students share and publish their video.

Steps for Students

You will annotate a poem to uncover the impact of allusions and images and then create a 1- to 3-minute video explaining your analysis using Adobe Spark Video. You will use an annotation guide to help you dive deeper into the underlying meanings in this poem and to support you to create this video.

Adobe Spark Video allows you to create a video using words, images, and music to enhance their ideas and perspectives about a topic.


1. Your teacher will explain how word choice, images, and allusions influence the emotions of poets and readers.  With a mentor text, your teacher will model how to analyze the text for word choice, images, allusions and emotions. As you engage in this reading, consider the structure of the poem and the use of words and phrases that help one understand the overall importance of the poem. (15 minutes)

2. Using this guide, annotate a poem. Your teacher will model the process and then you will annotate the poem independently. To do so, you will engage in multiple readings. (30 minutes)

  • In the first read, write out questions in the margin and highlight unfamiliar words and meanings. 

    • You can annotate the text with paper-and-pencil or you can use Adobe Acrobat Reader. To learn more about Adobe Acrobat Reader, check out this tutorial

  • As a class, discuss your annotations. At the end of the discussion, you will have a better understanding of the gist of the poem.

3. Now, read the poem again with a partner. In the second reading, continue using the guide to deepen your understanding of the poem. (30 minutes)

  • In the second read, highlight examples of where allusions can be found in the poem.  Explain meaning with key words or symbols  in your annotation.

  • Circle any emotions and images that are impactful or interesting. What do this reveal about the tone towards the topic and mood created through the speaker’s word choice?

    • You can annotate the text with paper-and-pencil or you can use Adobe Acrobat Reader. 

    • After the second read and annotations, engage in class discussion to determine the meaning of the poem. 

4. Using Adobe Spark Video, create a 1- to 3-minute video explaining your analysis of the poem. In the video, be sure to explain your analysis through multiple slides using words, images, and voiceover. You can also add the following dramatic effects to your presentation. (45 minutes)

  • Key words and ideas from poem to support your analysis

  • 1 - 2 sentences per slide to support understanding of poem

  • A minimal of 1 image related to the poem per slide

  • (Optional) Video and/or voiceover to explain your analysis

5. Share your video as directed by your instructor.

Rubric for Successful Analysis

Consult the attached rubric to evaluate students' videos.