Marzano's Self-Assessment Rubric

Provide students with clear criteria to self-assess effectively
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Marzano's Practice Overview

About This Strategy

Marzano's Self-Assessment Rubric is a rubric with specific criteria that supports students to self-assess on a 1 to 4 scale. The easy to understand criteria can help students to more effectively self-assess and can help teachers see how students feel about the content.

Student self-reflection and assessment enables students to better understand their own level of understanding. However, students need to guidance and practice in learning how to reflect and appropriately self-assess.  Explore the resources below to learn about Marzano's self-assessment rubric, which provides students with clear criteria for self-assessing their level of understanding.

Implementation Steps

5 minutes
  1. Introduce the Marzano's Practice rubric (included as a resource below) to students.
  2. Explain the criteria for each level to students. It is important to make the criteria concrete.

    • Level 1: Even with help, I do not get this

    • Level 2: Help me a little, and I got this

    • Level 3: I just need some more practice

    • Level 4: I need a challenge or I could teach someone

Using the Rubric to Support Student Reflection

Marzano's Self-Assessment Rubric empowers students to honestly and effectively reflect on and self-assess their level of understanding.

Implementation Steps:

  1. Have students use the self-assessment levels to rate their level of understanding.

  2. Assess for accuracy:

    • Review student's self-assessment rates for accuracy

    • Allow students to review data and compare to the level they chose

Using the Rubric to Recommend Learning Activities

This is a great way for teachers to differentiate work and empower students to determine the most appropriate learning activity.

Implementation Steps:

  1.  Based on students' level of understanding, assign appropriate work for each level.

  2. Have students use Marzano's level to self-assess their level of understanding. Based on this level of understanding, students should complete that learning activity.

  3. Ask students to reflect on whether or not they chose the appropriate level

    • Was the activity too easy? Too hard?

    • What did you learn from engaging in the learning activity?

Questions to Consider before Implementation

  1. What are some ways to support students, and yourself, in remembering to use Marzano’s Self-Assessment?

  2. How can you support students to effectively use this self-assessment rubric?

Tech Tools


  • Plickers is a tech tool that lets teachers collect real-time formative assessment data without the need for student devices. Students are handed cards with a different symbol on each side. Each side represents one out of 4 possible answers. The teachers scans the group with a smartphone or a tablet and instantly get data on a specific question.

  • Plickers supports self-assessments by creating the possibility of making them private and less threatening for students than hand signals. Only the teacher can by this method have access to the different groups created and it can encourage students to self-assess more accurately. It also creates automatically a record that teachers can compare to their own formative assessment data to ensure that students are accurately using this practice. It opens the door to 1:1 and group discussions when gaps are identified between self and formative assessments.