## 4-PS3-1

## Use evidence to construct an explanation relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object.

20 Lesson(s)

#### Students choose between three different experiments to help them understand the difference between scientific evidence and inference.

#### Using what they have observed about water waves & questioning, students continue to develop the vocabulary and begin to understand how waves transfer energy.

#### In this lesson, students use marbles of various sizes to see how collisions can transfer energy from one object to another.

#### In this lesson students participate in an internet search to investigate the definition of energy and discover the two main types of energy, kinetic and potential energy.

#### In this lesson, students work with pennies to develop questions and predict what happens when objects collide.

#### In this lesson, students use a FUN TOY to make observations that speed is related to the amount of energy in an object as well as work with gravitational and elastic potential energy.

#### In this inquiry based lesson, students work with partners to build rockets with balloons, string, and straws. Students work with altering variables in order to observe how energy and speed are related.

#### In this lesson, students work with ice cubes and different colored paper to develop observations in order to prove energy can be transferred from the paper to the ice cube.

Big Idea:

#### In this lesson, students use cardboard tubes to build marble roller coasters.

#### How can you use evidence to describe the relationship between an object's speed and its energy?

Big Idea:

#### Students will learn about Newton's Laws, G-Forces, and Motion.

#### Ownership of learning increases the chances that student will retain the content. Vocabulary can be tricky and to create this buy in, this lesson asks for students to choose the words they feel they should learn for part of a unit.

#### Gravitational energy is used everyday students play. It is an easy one for students to develop their own experiment to model their understanding of it.

#### Assessment allows for decisions to be made that can help support student learning. It is relevant when trying to determine growth.

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