In this lesson students will explore several case studies to help them better understand the process of photosynthesis. These case studies will also help them understand the relationship between cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Finally, at the end of the lesson, students consider what might happen to the world if all the plants were to disappear or die. Here is an overview of what students will learn today.
As a class, students should watch the Science Up Close tutorial. Using the following student handout, they should consider the answer to following questions:
Possible student answer: food
Possible student answer: light
Possible student answer: Light comes from the sun or some other light source. Carbon dioxide comes from the air into the leaves through the stomata in leaves. Water comes from the soil through the roots into the veins.
Possible student answer: The cell organelle is the chloroplast.
Possible student answer: A chemical reaction occurs that changes the water and carbon dioxide into sugar. Energy to make this chemical reaction happen comes from the sun.
Possible student answer: The oxygen is not needed for photosynthesis so it is released into the air.
Possible student answer: Sugar is stored in plants which can serve as a food source for animals and people.
Students will look at two cases studies involving photosynthesis experiments. (See attached handout).
The first Virtual Lab is Measuring the Rate of Photosynthesis of Elodea from the University of Reading. In this lab, students calculate the rate of photosynthesis in an Elodea plant by changing the intensity of the light source. Students count the number of bubbles produced in a minute, then they graph the results and depend the rate of photosynthesis by calculating the slope of the line. Students then compare the findings of this simulation with what they have learned in previous labs.
The second Virtual Lab allows students to manipulate many variables. They have already observed how light colors will affect the growth of a plant in previous lessons. In the last simulation they also directly measured the rate of photosynthesis by counting the number of bubbles of oxygen that are released. There are 3 other potential variables they will test with this simulation: amount of carbon dioxide, light intensity, and temperature. Students should keep the light settings at white light since you have already tested colored light in a previous experiment. First, they should set the thermometer at room temperature and the light intensity at 20. Students should make observations about what has happened. Students should then manipulate the temperature and determine how that affects the rate of photosynthesis. Students should also manipulate the light and carbon dioxide settings to determine the conditions for highest rate of photosynthesis.
Bring the class back together. During this class discussion, walk students through each of the parts of the photosynthesis equation and show the supporting evidence from the labs that have been performed in this unit.
Have students synthesize their data by drawing a picture which shows the overall process of photosynthesis.
Outline the role of photosynthesis in maintaining a healthy ecosystem by having students consider the following questions:
Students should write their response in their lab notebook or on the provided handout.