I like to use the hook of my lesson to review older material for those children that need to get more practice, but also the grab the attention of all the students before I introduce the "meat" of my lesson in the Procedure section. This lesson practices the initial sound "Dd", and gives emergent readers practice with one-to-one matching with words.
Come join me on our rug and share a nursery rhyme with me! How many of you are familiar with the rhyme, "Hey Diddle, Diddle"? Let's say it the first time together as an echo chant. I'll say a line, pause and then you repeat after me:
Hey Diddle, Diddle,
The cat and the fiddle
The cow jumped over the moon
The little dog laughed
To see such sport
And the dish ran away with the spoon.
Now let's say it one time altogether.
If you have a poster or make a chart of this rhyme, you will need it for this next part.
When I read this rhyme I hear a lot of this sound--"d". Let's make the Dd sound. I will read it to you and you listen for that sound-Dd. When you hear it give me a thumbs-up. (Read the rhyme.)
Now we are going to take my favorite color of marker and find out where all those "d" sounds are coming from. When I give you the marker, if you see a Dd, I want you to circle it. Let's count how many you found.
In previous lessons, I have taught verb, so this was a review for my class; however, with a little more instruction this could be a "jumping-off" point. By having the children act out the motions, they make real-world connections to the read and it also helps them get the wiggles out so that they can focus.
We are going to keep looking at this poster for a few minutes more, but this time we are looking for something else. Who remembers the word, verb? Does anyone remember what a verb is, what a verb does? A verb is an action word. It is something we do.
Listen again as I read "Hey Diddle, Diddle" (point to the words as you read).
When you hear an action word or verb, I want you to clap. (jumped, laughed, ran) I will underline the words you say.
Now stand up and we will act out those verbs. Everyone jump in place. Stop--you just jumped. Everyone laugh. You just laughed. Lastly, everyone run in place. Now we can say you ran. These are the verbs from this rhyme.
When you get your paper from me, I would like you to underline with your red crayon the action words jumped, laughed and ran.
Then your job will be to look at the word bank at the bottom of the paper and see if you can figure out which words go in each blank. When you have used a word, you will need to cross it out in the word bank so that you don't reuse that word.
What are some strategies you could use if you get stuck during this activity? You could ask a friend. You could look at the poster. You could raise your hand for the teacher's help. You could sound out the words and guess by the beginning sound. It sounds like we have a plan. Show me your paper when it is complete so I can see the marvelous work you have done.
For the assessment, the children will make retelling puppets. I make a point of going to each group to listen for a few minutes to hear what their retelling sounds like. What I am looking for in their retelling is if they are making their puppets move using the verbs that we have talked about. Is the cow "jumping"? Is the cat "fiddling"? I ask questions like "What is the action verb that the little dog did?" "Do you hear any verbs in this line, "...And the dish ran away with the spoon." "How do you know that ran is a verb?"
In this last part of our lesson about Hey Diddle, Diddle, you are going to create stick puppets to help you in retelling the rhyme. I like to write simple step-by-step directions on the board to show what I want them to do.
1. Color the puppet pieces.
2. Cut them out.
3. Name on back of each piece.
4. Tape popsicle sticks to the back.
5. Retell the rhyme.
When you have finished all the steps, we are going to pair up and retell the nursery rhyme to one another using our retelling puppets.