Three Tales in Third Person
Lesson 2 of 3
Objective: TSWBAT recognize a change in the point of view in the novel The Wish Giver.
The majority of the novel, The Wish Giver is written in third person narrative. It's comprised of three tales: Jug-a-Rum; The Treeman; and Water, Water, Everywhere. Stew Meat is again the narrator, but his tone takes on a different sound in the third person.
Before beginning "Jug-a-Rum" the students are reminded of the comparison they used in the Prologue. I ask for some examples that indicate a story is written in third person and put those on the board. Display the worksheet with the first and third person statements, or pass out copies of the worksheet. I use this as review and to instill confidence in those kids who may have been a little shaky with the concept at the beginning. The kids figure them out, go over their responses, answer questions, and we're ready to read! First and Third Person examples completed
As we read the novel, I ask the kids to identify which point of view this part of the novel is in, first or third. I immediately hear, "third!" As the teacher, knowing that it is Stew Meat's voice, now in third person, is a key fact. I don't inform the kids of it. Instead, as the story gets underway I ask them to reflect on who they think is speaking. As they volunteer answers, they must give clues to support their thoughts.
The students are using the skills of RL.5.6 as they grapple with how the narrator's point of view influences how the events are described. The significance of identifying the point of view will aid in comprehension of the novel.
This resource is an excellent one- Point of View: First, Second, and Third Person from the Education Portal.
The students read the first section of Jug-a-Rum, which is twelve pages. In this novel, the parts aren't conventional chapters with names attached, but are definitely sectioned. This is a good amount of story line to get them involved in what's going on and to determine that it's in third person.
I use the worksheet "Which Point of View?" from the teaching resource, Teaching Reading Through Differentiated Instruction with Leveled Graphic Organizers from Scholastic. This is a favorite resource used in my classroom. This worksheet isn't complicated, and gets straight to the point. They must identify the point of view, gives clues that support their opinion, then find specific quotes to back up this position. I like using it because the kids are empowered as they answer the sections without needing clarification. Here is a a student example of the worksheet. Student Example Which Point of View?
These papers are completed and shared among the classmates once finished. I highly recommend this resource due to the consistent straightforward format in all of it's graphic organizers. Specific to this lesson, It is an effective means of determining that the kids know the difference between Stew Meat in first person, as opposed to third.
There are three separate stories written in the third person, Jug-a-Rum; The Treeman; and Water, Water, Everywhere. After each one is completed, a great follow up worksheet to use, also from the Teaching Reading Through Differentiated Instruction With Leveled Graphic Organizers is called, The Power of Point of View graphic organizer from resource This worksheet will help the students summarize an assigned, or child selected passage from the text. Additionally, they do this again after they've read all of the stories. At this time, I choose to assign a few different passages for comparison because freedom of choice in this matter takes more time than it's worth. Given that we've read the majority of the book at this time, there is a lot of material for them to choose from, and some kids have difficulty paring it down. The kids write a summary of what the author says, and then rewrites their piece from the first person point of view. Here is a Student Example Power of Point of View.
They did a similar activity in the Prologue, but in reverse. They had to take something from first person and rewrite it in third. This type of activity is excellent practice in determining initial point of view, and effectively maneuvering words to capture the meaning using a different POV.
After each of the stories, they do a quick Cause and Effect check-up. I ask them to draw up a table Cause and Effect student example with Cause and Effect at the top and plenty of boxes to give supported examples.