Writing a Story Problem  Section 4: Independent Practice
There were 15 zombies...
Lesson 7 of 12
Objective: SWBAT write a story problem to match a given equation.
Setting Up the Learning
Aren't you kids zombie nuts right now?! Mine are! They can't stop talking about them! Using relevant topics is a great way to get your reluctant mathematicians thinking and invested.
This lesson comes after a TON of practice in the unit on thinking about story problems and the meaning behind the symbols we use to represent the actions: +,  and =. This lesson asks students to apply what they understand about these symbols to create their own story problems. Students are doing a very rigorous version of 1.OA.1! They are taking their understanding of story problems and applying it to creative writing.
See youtube link below to see how I opened the lesson! Watch for how I explain WHAT we are doing, WHY we are doing it and HOW we know we have met our learning goal.
Opening Discussion
I have a number sentence here and I am trying to figure out which story it matches. Let’s see if you can figure it out!
I'll present this number sentence on chart paper:
7 + 4 = _____
Present problem: Your job is to figure out which story problem represents this equation.
Here are the 2 story problems (on chart paper):

There are 7 cats in my yard. 4 of them run away. How many cats are in my yard now?

There are 7 cats in my yard. 4 more cats come to play. How many cats are in my yard now?
For formative data, turn and talk: Which one do you think matches this number sentence? Why do you think that?
Focus scaffolding questions:
 What evidence do you have in the problem that shows it matches 7+4?
 Why does the other story problem not match this number sentence? What number sentence would match instead?
To push students to start using more mental strategies, I’ll have them turn and talk to solve. Turn and talk: How many cats are in my yard now?
Now that students have selected which story problem matches a given problem, now they are going to generate a story problem to match 182 with me. CCSS MP2 asks students to reason abstractly and quantitativelythey both can represent a story using numbers and symbols AND take numbers and symbols and contextualize them into a story.
Modeling Questions and Think Aloud:

I am going to write a story problem about zombies to match this number sentence. First I had 18 zombies. I’ll pretend they are at the park.

Did more zombies come? Or did some go away? How many went away? I am going to have 2 go away to the zoo.

Now I need to ask a question for the missing part: How many zombies are left?

There were 18 zombies in the park. 2 of them went to the zoo. How many zombies are left? Let’s make sure it matches my equation. First there were 18, then I took 2 away and now there are 16.
Present student work time problem: 3+11= ___ Let’s make this story problem all about cupcakes!
Planning Partner Talk Questions:
 Are we going to get more cupcakes or take some away? How do you know?
 How could we get more cupcakes? Possible ideas: Your mom gave you some. You bought some more at the store. You made some more. You got more out.
 How many more cupcakes will we get?
I"ll send students to work independently and write their own story problems. This writing time is aligned to L.1.1j, as students are practicing using a variety of kinds of sentences to tell their story and then ask a question about it. This also is aligned to the CCSS vision for writing across the curriculum.
After the work time, students will share their story problems with a partner. Students will prove that the story problem matches the number sentence and I’ll share out a few exemplars with the class.
See attached document for the student work time problem!
Resources (1)
Resources (1)
Resources
Independent Practice
Students write their own story problems to match a given number sentence. Students get differentiated sets of numbers based on ability level.
 Group A: Intervention, Numbers under 10
 Group B: Right on Track, Numbers under 25. See attached video of a student in Group B writing a story problem!
 Group C: Extension, Numbers under 100
See attached documents for independent practice sheets.
Resources (2)
Closing
Students will each bring a problem to share with a partner. I'll share one exemplar problem with the class. I'll leave this problem on chart paper for students to solve later in the day during free time or snack.
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 UNIT 1: Creating a Culture of Math
 UNIT 2: Count to 100 Every Day!
 UNIT 3: 10: A First Grader's Best Friend
 UNIT 4: Charting and Analyzing Data
 UNIT 5: Inch by Inch, Paperclip by Paperclip
 UNIT 6: Properties of Addition and Subtraction
 UNIT 7: Shapes and Blocks
 UNIT 8: Understanding Equality
 UNIT 9: Adding and Subtracting: Base Ten
 UNIT 10: Solving 3 Addend Problems
 UNIT 11: Missing Parts: Unknowns in All Positions
 UNIT 12: Parts of a Whole
 UNIT 13: Tick Tock, Tick Tock
 UNIT 14: Time is Money: Hitting all the MD Standards
 UNIT 15: Base 10 Bonanza
 UNIT 16: What the WHAT?! Teaching Challenging Story Problems
 LESSON 1: Peas and Carrots...Carrots and Peas
 LESSON 2: Crayon Box Combinations
 LESSON 3: Wave a Magic Wand
 LESSON 4: Mathematical Symbols
 LESSON 5: Making the Minus Make Sense
 LESSON 6: Mixing It Up
 LESSON 7: There were 15 zombies...
 LESSON 8: Flip Flop
 LESSON 9: Opposites Attract
 LESSON 10: Thanksgiving Fact Family
 LESSON 11: A Grinchy Christmas
 LESSON 12: Toymaking with the Elves