##
* *Reflection:
How Do We Write Numerals? - Writing/Reviewing 9 & 10 - Section 1: Problem of the Day

For this Problem of the Day, I wanted to create one questions with one group of objects that the students could use to answer two questions. I used vegetables since we read *Feast for 10 *yesterday which included counting a lot of vegetables. There were variety of questions about what we were supposed to count for this Problem of the Day. Some students weren't sure what vegetables were. Some students thought the carrots and zucchini were vegetables but not the pepper. We eventually got it straightened out and answered the questions, but this showed me that I need to find time to do a lesson about the kinds of fruits and vegetables. You could open this lesson with a vegetable picture and label activity, so that students learn the vegetable names and can practice them in this math lesson.

*What Are Vegetables?*

*What Are Vegetables?*

# How Do We Write Numerals? - Writing/Reviewing 9 & 10

Lesson 12 of 19

## Objective: Students will be able to name, count and write numbers nine and ten.

#### Problem of the Day

*5 min*

I start the lesson with a problem of the day to help students review skills and concepts from prior lessons and develop their ability to problem solve. I call the students up to the carpet. The students find their spots while saying this chant with me.

Criss cross, applesauce, hands in your lap, eyes on the teacher, you've got to show me that.

I project the Problem of the Day on the SMARTBoard and say to students, *"This is our Problem of the Day for today. This says 'Jimmy has some vegetables. How many vegetables does he have? How many are carrots?"* I say, *"This problem has two parts. What is the first thing it asks us to do?"* (Count how many vegetables Jimmy has.) I have a student come up and count the vegetables aloud. The vegetables are not arranged in any specific way, and that is a critical aspect of this lesson.

I ask,* "What can we do to make it easier to count these vegetables?"* I have students suggest strategies. *"This problem also has a line where we can write the answer. Now that we have learned to write all of the numbers from 0 to 10. We need to start writing down our answers. "Listen to the direction again. 'Jimmy has some vegetables. How many vegetables does he have? How many are carrots?' What do we need to do next?"* (Count how many carrots Jimmy has.) I have a student come up and count the carrots aloud. I remind the student to also write the answer on the line.

If you don't have a SMARTBoard, you can use the pdf copy of the slides in a variety of ways to reproduce this activity.

I tell students, *"Today we will keep learning about numbers. We are going to review how to write the numbers 9 and 10."*

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#### Presentation of Lesson

*25 min*

For this lesson, I start with students at their seats. I draw 9 dots on a white board and ask students to count the dots with me. I then write the number 9 on the board. I tell students, *"This is a number 9."* I continue with number 10. I tell students that today we will be practicing writing the numbers 9 and 10 on our tables with shaving cream. I review our rules for shaving cream.

1. The shaving cream must remain on the table at all times.

2. No pounding to make the shaving cream splash.

3. Only touch your own shaving cream.

4. When your shaving cream disappears, you are done.

I put a very small dab of shaving cream in front of each student. This activity is only meant to last about 5 minutes, so I give only a small amount so that it will disappear quickly. I tell the students not to touch it until everyone has some. When all students have some shaving cream, I call out a number for the students to write. I focus on 9 and 10, but I also include 2, 6 and 8 as a review. As we write it, we repeat our number chants.

9 - A loop and a line. That's a nine.

10 - A straight line down makes a one. Put a 0 beside it to make 10 more fun.

I continue until the students' shaving cream starts to disappear. I have the students rub their hands over their tables until all of the shaving cream is gone. I tell students that we will also be practicing the numbers 9 and 10 on a Writing Numbers 9 and 10 worksheet. I show students the paper and say, *"You are going to be working on this paper on your own after we go over the directions. You need to get out your pencil and put your name on your paper. When your name is on your paper hold your pencil in the air, that will let me know that you are ready to start."** * I like to have students hold up their pencils or put their hands on their heads when they are finished with a task. It makes it easy for me to see who is ready and also keeps the students from writing all over their papers while they wait for other students to finish.

I hand each student a paper for them to take back to their seats and while the students are writing their names, I turn on the projector and document camera and display the worksheet on the SMARTBoard. When all students have their pencils up, I say, *"The directions on this paper say ‘Trace and write the numbers.' The directions for the bottom of the paper are the same as your paper yesterday. They say, 'Count the objects. Write the number.' You may work on the worksheet on your own." * When the students are finished, they put their papers into the paper tray in the front of the classroom and get their center.

#### Resources

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#### Practice

*20 min*

Since the students finish their papers at different times, I circulate through the room to make sure that students are completing their papers, putting it in the tray and getting their centers. This week's centers are:

Writing Numbers in Sand (Use Number Cards 0 to 10)

Number Order Puzzles (K-5MathTeachingResources.com)

Counting and Ten Frames (K-5MathTeachingResources.com)

Dice Race (K-5MathTeachingResources.com)

Apple Counting SMARTBoard (TeachersPayTeachers.com - Use slide 11 as center)

I quickly circulate to make sure students are engaged and do not have any questions about how to complete the centers. I pull three groups during centers. I pull the first group for 10 minutes and the other two groups for 5 minutes each. The first group is comprised of the students who were having trouble identifying numbers and matching the numbers to objects. I have a basic idea of who I want in each group based on recent assessments, but I also take into account how the students did in the whole group lesson. I pull the students back to my small group table to do a reteach activity using flash cards and food picture cards (for this lesson I used images from this website for the pictures. I laminated and cut out the pictures of the food.). I show the flash cards and have students practice identifying the numbers. I then give each student a pile of fruit (1-10) and have them pick the number card that matches their group. Today I use Giant Tracing Numbers from Lakeshore that the students can trace on with a dry erase maker. The next two groups do a follow up activity that reviews identifying numbers, counting objects. I use the flash cards and manipulatives with these groups as well. I start by showing the students flash cards again and having them practice identifying the numbers. I do this much quicker for these groups. I then give each student a pile of manipulatives (9 or 10) and have them write the number on a white board. Prior to clean up, I check in with each table to see how the centers are going. I turn on Tidy Up by Dr. Jean.

There are many wonderful transition songs to be found, for free, online if you'd like to use music for transitions too.

Students clean up and return to their seats.

#### Resources

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#### Closing

*5 min*

I close this lesson by inviting students back up to the carpet. I turn on the SMARTBoard and let one of the students who did well writing 9 and 10 come up and show us how to write a 9 and 10. As they write, I have the other students say the number rhymes with me. I mention positive things that I noticed during centers. I also include something that needs to be better next time. I review what we did during our whole group lesson. *"Today we learned how to write the numbers 9 and 10. How do we remember how to write a 9?" (*A loop and a line. That's a nine.) *"A 10?*" (A straight line down makes a one. Put a 0 beside it to make 10 more fun.) *"Let's count to 10 together." 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 "Tomorrow, we are going to start comparing the numbers to 10."*

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- LESSON 1: Numbers to 10 Math Centers
- LESSON 2: What Are Numbers? Introducing 6 & 7
- LESSON 3: What Are Numbers? Practicing 6 & 7
- LESSON 4: What Are Numbers? Introducing 8
- LESSON 5: What Are Numbers? Practicing 8
- LESSON 6: How Do We Write Numerals? Writing 6, 7, & 8
- LESSON 7: How Do We Write Numerals? - Writing/Reviewing 6, 7, & 8
- LESSON 8: What Are Numbers? Introducing 9 & 10
- LESSON 9: What Are Numbers? Practicing 9 & 10
- LESSON 10: Math Centers - Reviewing Numbers to 10
- LESSON 11: How Do We Write Numerals? Writing 9 & 10
- LESSON 12: How Do We Write Numerals? - Writing/Reviewing 9 & 10
- LESSON 13: Comparing Numbers to 10
- LESSON 14: Comparing Numbers to 10 Review
- LESSON 15: Ordering Numbers 1 to 10
- LESSON 16: Ordering Numbers 1 to 10 Review
- LESSON 17: Using Numbers to Describe Positions - Ordinals
- LESSON 18: What Have We Learned? - Assessing Numbers to 10
- LESSON 19: Let's Count on the Polar Express!