Reflection: Qualitative Evaluations Metaphorically Speaking - Section 2: Guiding the Learning


Before we went to the Common Core standards I taught metaphor and simile lessons quickly thinking that they had already been exposed to this in the previous grades so they knew it already. I also taught them to identify the key words "are, is was, were" and so really all I received in response were simple metaphor comparisons using these key words.    

After reviewing the CC standards and ELA recommended passages I realized that they needed to know more metaphorical patterns and how to identify them in literature, fiction, plays and poetry. This meant that I had to continue to teach them identification and use throughout the year for my lessons to be effective. Earlier in the year I gave them a short quiz using some "unfriendly" comparisons of metaphors and similes - those that don't follow the simple noun-verb-noun patterns. I discovered that because similes had very distinct key words they could identify them, but the metaphors that didn't follow the simple pattern were unsure for most of the class.

Because of this, I changed my poetry unit to focus more on building metaphor knowledge and giving them more opportunity to review it with the CC suggested poems and readings.      

  Why the metaphor lessons?
  Qualitative Evaluations: Why the metaphor lessons?
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Metaphorically Speaking

Unit 16: Poems Everyone can TRY
Lesson 1 of 12

Objective: SWBAT...use words and pictures to define comparisons made in metaphor phrases.

Big Idea: Words can have more than one meaning depending upon how they are used in sentences. We will define and illustrate metaphor phrases to show the different visual images the words create for readers.

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