Identifying and Using Types of Sentences
Lesson 1 of 10
Objective: SWBAT identify and use four types of sentences (declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative) correctly in writing as they construct a short story using an interactive voice recorder.
Have you ever been told to watch what you say? Well, today my scholars will do just that by examining 4 types of sentences - declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative sentences. We open our lesson by watching a short Brainpop video on the four types of sentences. Afterwards, we take the comprehension quiz (Click here to watch video.) (Teacher will use whole group quiz as a check for understanding. Students will either show teacher answer choices a, b, c, or d using sign language or by writing on a personal dry erase board. This allows the teacher to assess each individual student's understanding and make adjustments.)
Next, we complete a graphic organizer by listing the four types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative, along with examples of each type of sentence.
I review the definition of a declarative sentence is a statement that tells you about something. It ends with a period. We fill that much in on the graphic organizer. I ask for someone to give us an example of a declarative sentence.
I review the definition of an interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question and ends with a question mark. I ask for someone to give us an example of an interrogative sentence.
I review the definition of an exclamatory sentences is a sentence that shows strong feeling or surprise. It ends with an exclamation mark. I ask for someone to give us an example of an exclamatory sentence.
I review the definition of an imperative sentence is a sentence that gives a command or makes a request. It usually ends with a period, but it may also end with an exclamation mark. I ask for someone to give us an example of an imperative sentence.
(Completing this graphic organizer will enable scholars to have reference material for the four different types of sentences when they compose sentences independently.)
Now, I have my students to work with a partner to construct a short story in which they use all four types of sentences correctly. You will type your story in the online interactive voice recorder, www.voki.com. We'll share the stories at the end of class. (Click here to access www.voki.com.)
As they share their Voki short stories, I instruct my students to be sure to listen carefully. I'll assign each of the four tables a type of sentence for which to listen and we'll share the various types of sentences they heard after we listen to each short story. I rotate the type of sentence each table should be listening for each time we listen to a new short story. (i.e. Table 1 - Declarative, Table 2 - Interrogative, Table 3 - Exclamatory, Table 4 - Imperative)