With the holidays quickly approaching, I wanted to make a fun lesson that still focused on the idea of text structures. In previous lessons we have practiced compare and contrast, cause and effect, and problem and solution. We are going to use all of these in this lesson.
To begin, I ask my class to take out their white board. I have a students hand out a napkin to each student while they get their white boards out. I remind them of good manners and that when I hand out the cookies, we do not pick them up or eat until everyone has been served. In this case they also need to wait for instructions.
I hand out two different types of cookies. One is a Sugar Cookie and the other is a Snicker Doodle. As I hand them out, I ask if there is any ways they can remember that can help us with compare and contrast. It takes a few minutes and a student remembers the Venn Diagram. I ask them to draw one on their white board. I also have them label the circles with SD and SC for the types of cookies.
Now that all of them have a cookie, we are ready to practice compare and contrast. It would be no fun to just have them eat the cookies and compare them. I want them to use description and we are going to practice using our senses to do this. I tell the class the first way we are going to compare the cookies is just with their eyes. They then need to record their observations on their Venn diagrams.
Next, I ask them compare by smelling and then to do it by touch. I give them time to record their observations. The anticipated eating of the cookies is over. I draw a circle on the board and ask a student to come draw it into fourths. I explain that they can only eat a fourth to use to compare and contrast.
We share our findings with each other. We start with our comparisons and then move to how they contrast. We also review the Venn Diagram and how we used descriptions in writing our observations.
They are now ready to compare two stories. I ask them to erase their cookie Venn Diagram and draw a new one. This time I give them the circle's labels: GC and GG. I do not tell them what they stand for, only that they will be abel to determine them quickly when I begin reading.
For this part of the lesson, I ask them to choose one of their cookies. When they have chosen they are only going to get to eat this cookie while I read. Not only can they enjoy their cookie, but I would like them to listen carefully to the story. When I finish they will need to fill in the correct side of the Venn Diagram about the character.
The book I am starting with is The Gingerbread Girl by Lisa Campbell Ernst. I read the whole story and then give time for the class to fill in the GC side.
They are now ready to listen to the second story. While I read this story to them, they can eat their other cookie. They will follow the same rules as the first book. They need to listen carefully and then fill in the other side of the Venn Diagram.
The second story I am going to read is The Gingerbread Cowboy by Janet Squires. They need to fill in the GC side when I finish and then fill in the center piece of the diagram. I remind them that they might need to erase what they wrote because of the comparisons they now can make between the books.