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* *Reflection: Connection to Prior Knowledge
Skip Counting with 5s, 10s and 100s - Section 2: Teaching the Lesson and Independent Practice

This lesson was designed to take prior rote counting by 5s and 10s and to extend it to counting beyond 100, as 100 is the expected limit for grade 1 in the Common Core, and also to extend to counting by 100s.

Students all demonstrated proficiency in counting by 5s, and 10s within 100. Once we moved over 100, some of the students faltered.

To help with extending the learning from their prior knowledge, I wrote the counts above 100 on the board. We looked at patterns. Students began to notice how the pattern below 100 repeated itself above 100 with a 1 in the hundred's place being the only change.

As we worked with the number line and recording counts in smaller groups, students again looked for and identified patterns.

Student discovery is a stronger way to help students learn a concept than to just tell them what the concept is and hope they remember it.

*Counting Across 100*

*Connection to Prior Knowledge: Counting Across 100*

# Skip Counting with 5s, 10s and 100s

Lesson 15 of 18

## Objective: SWBAT skip count by 5’s, 10’s and 100’s

#### Warm Up

*10 min*

To make connections to prior learning I begin by asking students to add up quantities of nickels and dimes. I put up pictures of 3 dimes and ask students to write the amount in their math journals. I repeat the process with 4 nickels and then with differing amounts of dimes and then nickels.

Students have worked with counting dimes and nickels, as well as using an In/Out box with 5s and 10s in the past. This warm up reinforces that learning.

After observing student competencies with counting by fives and tens, I put up several problems using dimes and nickels together.

I ask students to complete the problems and then we review the strategies they used to figure out how much money they had. I reinforce counting by 5s and 10s.

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Students are each given a blank number line. I ask them to finger point to the hash marks on the line while we count by 5’s. We start at 5 and count to 45.

Next I tell students we will count again by 5’s but this time we will start at the beginning of the number line and call that mark 20. I pick one table and ask them to count aloud for the rest of us to follow. I repeat the process with the other tables. I want students to review using a blank number line to support their counting.

Next we try counting by 10s on the number line. I know that students can rote count by 10s so this process is more of a review using the number line for support.

I ask students if they can count by 100s on the number line. We begin with 100 and count along the line together. Next we begin at 300 and count along the line together.

I ask students which digit is changing as we count by 100s? We review place value for 10s and 100s.

I ask students if I could count by 10s on my number line if I started with 35? I ask for a student to demonstrate for us. I ask if there is another tool that might make this easier to do? Some children will find the number grid easier for counting by 10s. Again we talk about which digit is changing and which is staying the same.

I tell students that today they will be in 3 groups to work on counting by 5s, 10s and 100s. I tell them that if they are at their desks they will be doing an independent practice page. This is a paper and pencil task that reinforces counting by 5s, 10s and 100s. It is done independently so that I can see where each child is with their own understanding. I also put out a challenge page in case they complete the first paper before it is time to move to the second center. (I take challenge papers from online resources, or other classroom resources. You can google search grade 2 word problems or word puzzles for a wealth of challenge pages.)

I tell students that at one of the centers they will be counting dimes and nickels to match the prices of objects. One person will be a store keeper and the other will be the shopper. They will switch roles. All of the prices will be multiples of 5 or 10. This activity provides hands on practice with dimes and nickels, as well as counting by 5s and 10s with concrete materials. This activity reinforces today's lessons.

The last center will use their number lines to count by 5s, 10s and 100s to look for patterns. They will record their counts and note any patterns they see. I want students to realize that they do not always have to count by ones on the number line. Here they will practice counting by 5, 10 and 100 with the support of an adult to help them with this skill.

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#### Closing

*5 min*

To informally assess each student’s ability to count by 5,10 and 100 I have prepared a page with counts. There are numbers missing. Students will complete the page and hand it in so I can assess understanding and plan next steps.

Another option here might includes cutting the 100 grid into strips. Different squares are left blank. Students begin to assemble their own 100 by filling these in and taping them together (over time). Higher level students can be given fewer “clues” and more than one strip (non consecutive or consecutive). And because it looks just like the 100s grid used in class, students get the explicit connection.

#### Resources

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*I always try to let students work things out their own way. They feel much better about themselves as mathematicians when they have this chance. | 6 months ago | Reply*

*Hi Beth! This is a great lesson! The video in section 2 is really powerful, especially because the students created their own frame for how they wanted to show the patterns. Awesome! | 6 months ago | Reply*

*expand comments*

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- UNIT 1: What and Where is Math?
- UNIT 2: Adding and Subtracting the Basics
- UNIT 3: Sensible Numbers
- UNIT 4: Sensible Numbers
- UNIT 5: Everything In Its Place
- UNIT 6: Everything in Its Place
- UNIT 7: Place Value
- UNIT 8: Numbers Have Patterns
- UNIT 9: Fractions
- UNIT 10: Money
- UNIT 11: The Numbers Are Getting Bigger
- UNIT 12: More Complex Numbers and Operations
- UNIT 13: Area, Perimeter and More Measurement
- UNIT 14: Length
- UNIT 15: Geometry
- UNIT 16: Getting Ready to Multiply
- UNIT 17: Getting Better at Addition and Subtraction
- UNIT 18: Strategies That Work

- LESSON 1: Let Me Count The Ways to Get An Answer
- LESSON 2: Who Makes Mistakes
- LESSON 3: Counting Up to Solve Problems
- LESSON 4: Counting Backwards Works Too
- LESSON 5: Counting Bugs
- LESSON 6: Taking Apart the Problem
- LESSON 7: Getting Bigger and Smaller
- LESSON 8: Double It
- LESSON 9: Doubles Plus or Minus One
- LESSON 10: Evens and Odds
- LESSON 11: Plus Ten Minus Ten
- LESSON 12: From Tens to Nines
- LESSON 13: Equal Amounts
- LESSON 14: Understanding Subtraction
- LESSON 15: Skip Counting with 5s, 10s and 100s
- LESSON 16: Balancing Equations and Counting Backwards
- LESSON 17: Counting with Tens and Hundreds
- LESSON 18: Assessment