Using Present Participles to Add Detail
Lesson 12 of 22
Objective: Students will be able to use present participles to add extra detail to their writing by completing a sentence play.
Do Now: -ing Race
Challenges are a great warm-up--they grab attention and create energy. Today's Do Now challenges students to list as many -ing verbs as they can. Simple, but effective for getting them to think about verbs (and creative verbs, at that).
Deducing, wandering, strutting--our winner had over eighty -ing verbs to take the prize.
Sentence plays are our method of grammar study. For a full overview of the activity, please view this lesson.
I give the definition of a present participle. I also offer examples of how prepositions look in sentences and how to properly punctuate around them when they are used in the beginning, middle, and end.
I allow them to choose partners again today, as the fun which comes with playing with language make this activity engaging for everyone. As usual, they work quickly, trying to best each other for comedy points, and laughter rings out around the room. I'm called from group to group to check work or hear the funny examples. Sometimes the examples are missing a subject, so I remind those groups to start with the basic sentence first, then add the prepositional phrase.
After 10 minutes, we come back together ("Eyes and ears, please.") to share our examples and laugh together, a good closing to the day's lesson.
As with our previous grammar studies, this lesson is aligned to CCSS for 9-10. My department focuses on building complex sentence skills in all grades because students generally struggle to fully learn and use these techniques; the goal is automatic use after years of practice.