##
* *Reflection: Connection to Prior Knowledge
Just Do It - Section 1: Set the Stage

I've included copies of some student notecards as examples of their work. These notecards help students focus their thinking by requiring them to actually write it out. You can see a range of responses, but I think the reasoning is most interesting because it helps me see where each student is in his/her level of understanding. For example, student A makes a clear connection between rational numbers and polynomials, while student B relies on having tested many examples.

# Just Do It

Lesson 9 of 11

## Objective: SWBAT understand that rational expressions form a system that is closed for addition, subtraction, and multiplication. SWBAT add, subtract and multiply rational expressions.

## Big Idea: Help your students make sense of the arithmetic of rational expressions by performing operations on an assortment of problems.

*55 minutes*

#### Set the Stage

*5 min*

To begin this lesson I refer back to an earlier lesson about closure called "Open and Shut". I ask for volunteers to summarize what we learned about polynomials and offer the hint "What operations are polynomials closed for?" if needed. Once we've completed that review by correctly identifying which operations are closed and what "closure" means I tell my students that today they get to work with rational numbers to determine what operations they're closed for. I hand out notecards and tell my students that they need to state their opinion about closure for each operation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) and give supporting evidence for their opinion.** (MP2) **When everyone has written their opinion I open the floor for a class discussion about how to prove it. My goal is that my students feel ready to develop proofs for their opinions about closure for each operation. I explain more about why I have my students state and support their opinions in my Just Do It video. This is a plus standard but I feel that it gives my students an opportunity to reinforce their understanding of closure in general and polynomial operations more specifically.

#### Resources

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#### Put it into Action

*45 min*

**Teamwork** *20 minutes:* Today's lesson is a little unusual because I'm not giving my students any problems or examples to work with. I have them get into groups of 2-3 with partners sharing the same opinions about the system of rational expressions and what operations it is closed for. I tell them that their challenge today is to attempt to prove or disprove their own conjectures about whether rational expressions are closed for addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division and that they will have to present their evidence to the class.** (MP1, MP2, MP8) **While my students are working I walk around offering encouragement and redirection as needed. I particularly watch for teams that are struggling with how to prove/disprove their opinions and ask leading questions like "Have you tried to find any polynomial examples that work or don't work?" or "What examples have you tried so far?"

After about twenty minutes I tell my students to prepare to present. I randomly select teams to present their evidence/proofs to class for discussion and critique. Students who are not presenting are expected to offer comments, questions, or critiques about each presentation. **(MP3) **When all the teams have presented I guide the class in a discussion of what they now believe. I help my students reach a class consensus about what operations rational expressions are closed for and what evidence they've used to reach that consensus.

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#### Wrap it Up

*5 min*

To close this lesson I ask my students to summarize individually in their notebooks what operations rational expressions are closed for and how they know. I tell them it's not okay to say "we did it in class". **(MP7)** This closure piece ensures that every student has a record of what the day's discussion was about and it also gives them the opportunity to express themselves in words rather than algebraic or numeric symbols.

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- UNIT 1: First Week!
- UNIT 2: Algebraic Arithmetic
- UNIT 3: Algebraic Structure
- UNIT 4: Complex Numbers
- UNIT 5: Creating Algebraically
- UNIT 6: Algebraic Reasoning
- UNIT 7: Building Functions
- UNIT 8: Interpreting Functions
- UNIT 9: Intro to Trig
- UNIT 10: Trigonometric Functions
- UNIT 11: Statistics
- UNIT 12: Probability
- UNIT 13: Semester 2 Review
- UNIT 14: Games
- UNIT 15: Semester 1 Review