Reflection: Student Communication Phoneme Segmenting and Blending - Section 4: Extending this Lesson


Phonics and phonemic awareness sound a lot alike and they sometimes are not taught in isolation in student teaching programs.  It is definitely true that it can be confusing to teach students things that we do not know enough about!  So, I would like to clear this up!

I will be honest; as a new teacher, I thought phonemic awareness and phonics were the same thing!  It took me some time, some research and some good PD time (that I got to teach) to really figure out what phonemic awareness and phonics skills really were!  So, if you are unsure, or know another teacher who is, please read this and share this with your cohorts!

Phonemic awareness is all about sounds- a phoneme is an individual sound.
Phonemic awareness can be taught in the dark- all students have to do is hear.  Students don't need letters written or to hear letter names to practice phonemic awareness skills. 
Elkonin boxes and manipulatives are a pefect activity for phonemic awareness; these tools have nothing written attached and can be used explicitly for sound instruction.
Since phonemic awareness focuses singularly on sounds, it is the first step of instruction- students need to know their sounds BEFORE their letter names and how to write them.

Phonics is all about the letter-sound connection. 
Phonics can be taught with or without writing and can involve letter names and/or formation.  Students can add in sounds with phonics instruction, but is must include letters.
Alphabet cards are a perfect activity for phonics instruction; these cards have letters on them, pictures on them and can be connected to a sound (like B, bat, /b/).
Since phonics involves letters, phonics is a step that follows phonemic awareness in the learning process.

Students have to know sounds (phonemic awareness) first.  Then, they can attach those sounds to letters (phonics).

  Phonemic Awareness or Phonics? Make sure you know so they will, too!
  Student Communication: Phonemic Awareness or Phonics? Make sure you know so they will, too!
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Phoneme Segmenting and Blending

Unit 8: Phonemic Awareness; the KEY to the door of reading!
Lesson 5 of 16

Objective: SWBAT practice isolating and pronouncing the initial sounds in CVC words.

Big Idea: Now that you can hear the beginning... you can learn to find the rest- putting it all together will be your test!

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phonemes anchor
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