##
* *Reflection: ELL Students
Operations of Functions - Section 2: Presentation Development

I have foreign exchange students in my class. Since this is at the beginning of the school year many of these students are still struggling with English. The students have also may have not developed a relationship with others in the class. When I have multiple exchange students in a class they will put themselves together.

To help the exchange students become familiar with others I will put the exchange student into different groups. I have usually asked someone in that group privately to ask an exchange student to be in their group. This way the exchange student becomes part of the class. I will allow a group with an exchange students an extra person.

Even though the exchange students have trouble speaking English, they know how to do the problems. The exchange students are very good at analyzing information in books. I let the groups know that the exchange students are to help with reviewing the material but they do not need to speak in front of the class unless they want to talk. Some exchange students will talk while others will not.

I really enjoy working with the exchange students. After a few months of working with the other students, the exchange students become a vital part of this class. These students will demonstrate different ways to do problems many times different than I have seen. The exchange students are great problem solvers and very willing to share their strategies with peers.

*How I work with Limited English Students*

*ELL Students: How I work with Limited English Students*

# Operations of Functions

Lesson 6 of 15

## Objective: SWBAT evaluate and graph new functions found by using function operations

## Big Idea: Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of functions will be reviewed by students developing group presentations on the operations. Function notation will be analyzed to reduce misconceptions.

*45 minutes*

#### Bell Work

*5 min*

The bell work asks students to subtract and multiply polynomials. This is a quick review so students work for about 4 minutes before the processes are put on the board

The work reminds students subtracting the entire second polynomial instead of just the first term which is the most common error. Some students need reminded about how to multiply two polynomials but seeing the others students work, makes students oh yeah I forgot.

#### Resources

*expand content*

#### Presentation Development

*10 min*

I now tell students that today they will be writing a lesson to review operations of functions along with introducing the notation used in the Larson, "Precalculus with Limits, 2nd edition" text.

My students have done addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of functions in prior courses. This activity gives students a quick review and has the students consider the common errors made when doing function operations. Students also compare the domains of the original functions with the domain of the resulting function.

I briefly explain the activity to the class. I let students know that their groups project will be the instruction over a function operation. I will not do any instruction on the operation. The groups will develop between 3 and 5 questions on the presented operation for students to do as homework. The groups can present using a document camera, a Powerpoint any other presentation tool. The presentation needs to be clear and students should be prepared to answer other students questions.

**Organizing the activity:**

Students put themselves into group of 3 to 4 students. I pick the groups size so that I have 4 different groups. One person from each group comes to me my desk. I ask each person to give me a number from 1-50 whoever is closet to the number I have on a card pick a card from a stack of 8 (2 for each operation). Once that person has picked a card I remove the card that matches that operation and reshuffle the stack The next person who was closest to the my number picks etc. This continues until all the groups have an operation to do.

Students receive focus questions to help them determine some of the key concepts they need in for the presentations.

#### Resources

*expand content*

#### Working on Presentations

*25 min*

The rest of class is spent by groups developing their presentations. Students may use their book or several other books I have as references to help them understand. I also allow students to use their phones, tablets or laptops if they want to do Internet research.

While students are working I move around to answer questions, review the presentations and ask questions of the groups. If a presentation is not clear I ask questions that may be asked by the class. I may say;"What did you do in this step? or How can you do that?"

One of the main concepts I work with is how to determine the domain of the result. I give students two functions such as f(x)=x+3 and g(x)=sqrt(x). The students are asked to find the domain for f and g. I then have the students complete the operation and ask "What is the domain for your answer?" For addition, subtraction and multiplication students begin to see that the most restricted domain of f and g is the domain of the answer. Division is different. With that group I discuss when a fraction is undefined. The students quickly see how to determine the domain of a division problem.

I pick g(x)=sqrt(x) because the domain is not all real numbers. The students usually pick polynomials when demonstrating how to work with the function operation. I could also use a rational expression if the students need more direction

*expand content*

#### Closure

*5 min*

With about 5 minutes left in class I have the groups clean up. I remind the groups that we will be presenting during the next class. Some of the groups assign work for group members to do so they will ready for the presentations.

*expand content*

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- UNIT 1: Introduction to Learning Mathematics
- UNIT 2: Functions and Piecewise Functions
- UNIT 3: Exponential and Logarithmic functions
- UNIT 4: Matrices
- UNIT 5: Conics
- UNIT 6: Solving Problems Involving Triangles
- UNIT 7: Trigonometry as a Real-Valued Functions
- UNIT 8: Graphing Trigonometric Functions
- UNIT 9: Trigonometric Identities
- UNIT 10: Solving Equations
- UNIT 11: Vectors and Complex Numbers
- UNIT 12: Parametric and Polar graphs and equations

- LESSON 1: Interval Notation
- LESSON 2: Evaluating Piecewise Defined Functions
- LESSON 3: Writing Piecewise Functions
- LESSON 4: Graphing Piecewise Defined Functions
- LESSON 5: Function Notation
- LESSON 6: Operations of Functions
- LESSON 7: Presentation on Functions Operations
- LESSON 8: Composition of Functions, Day 1 of 2
- LESSON 9: Composition of Functions, Day 2 of 2
- LESSON 10: Finding the Inverse of a Function Day 1 of 2
- LESSON 11: Finding the Inverse of a Function Day 2 of 2
- LESSON 12: Transforming Functions Day 1 of 2
- LESSON 13: Transforming Functions Day 2 of 2
- LESSON 14: Review for Assessment
- LESSON 15: Assessment