Comparing Fiction to Fact
Lesson 13 of 17
Objective: SWBAT compare and evaluate fictional and informational texts by analyzing for evidence of the Jim Crow era.
Do Now: Signs of the Times
To prep students' minds for our work with text comparison and to give me a sense for how well they read, I ask students to identify "signs of the [Jim Crow] times" in their most recent reading, chapters 9-10. Students write quietly while I take attendance, and then I call on volunteers to share:
- One of the police officers glares at Grant for no reason.
- Grant refers to separate bathrooms.
- The bathrooms for white people are clean, but the other bathrooms are not.
- The black prisoners are needlessly crowded in cells.
So far, so good.
I segue students by explaining that we will look at a true story from the Jim Crow era today, one written by the famous author Richard Wright. Wright, I explain, grew up facing racism on a daily basis; his autobiography, Black Boy, has a lot to contribute to our consideration of the times. Students will also need to practice listening today--we have just one copy of the text. Because the text is emotionally powerful and features language inappropriate in today's classroom (though certainly realistic to the times), I choose to read it myself.
I read a short excerpt from the beginning of chapter 9, detailing Wright's experiences as a store clerk. The events are brutal, and students listen closely as I read.
Comparison and Evaluation
With a new text fresh in our minds, I ask students to return to a standard we worked with in a previous lesson. Today, students will cross the lines between fiction and non-fiction: how are A Lesson Before Dying and the excerpt from Black Boy similar? How are they different? Which is more effective and why? In answering these questions, students are comparing two foundational American texts, focusing on the common theme of racism. By asking them to evaluate the texts, I'm providing a question to which they must respond with textual evidence from both sources, a key skill in the Common Core.
I give students the remainder of the hour to work independently so that I can check their progress with the standard.