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* *Reflection: Standards Alignment
Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers Pretest - Section 2: The Pretest

To align this module correctly to standards, I needed to rewrite this test so that there was no focus on simplifying to lowest terms included. For some reason, we had focused on that last year and not the standard that demands that we make sure students understand that 3 x 3/4 is the same thing as 9 x 1/4. Also, we did not focus on drawing fractional models that show mutliplication. The conceptual ladder that is taking place became very real this year to me as I tore apart each standard while writing for BL. I thought I understood completely what was going on last year and thought this test was completely aligned. But when I examined it, I realized that things were missing and too many other things were included that were part of the Wisconsin State Standards. We hadn't let go completely yet! Well, now we have! This is all part of the transition and understanding of how CCSS build upon one another and the obligation I have as a teacher to make sure that is happening!

The Educreations Video reflects on the test design and how two students performed.

*New Test*

*Standards Alignment: New Test*

# Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers Pretest

Lesson 1 of 8

## Objective: SWBAT show what they understand about multiplying fractions by whole numbers.

Warm up with Fraction Aps!

The free app VersaMate is just about the coolest apps I have seen for understanding fractions since Candy Factory. My students love this! They worked on this ap for 10 minutes and didn't want to put it down. They can choose what fractional exercise they want and play against the computer. This ap also comes in a purchased version and has more to offer.

We stopped and shared why we liked this ap. Some students asked if they could play Candy Factory instead. Several students paired up and played Versa Mate together. I told a few of them who do not have Versa Mate installed on their iPad that they could use the fraction ap of their choice. I roved the classroom to check what aps students had picked and talked with one student about how he likes VersaMate. I asked him what helped him in this ap. He told me that he never really understood how to figure out adding to make the whole until he played this game. There is a portion of the game where they need to match the correct addend to complete the whole. This is very helpful to support adding concepts.

*expand content*

#### The Pretest

*35 min*

Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers Assessment

*I rewrote this test after carefully unpacking the standards. I think the most difficult concept in this mini unit is being able to show multiplying a fraction by a whole number in two different ways. I expect students will have a difficult time drawing groups of fractions or breaking it up into the unit fraction.*

*I listed what is expected for them to master in this mini unit at the top of the test. This helps students understand exactly what Common Core is expecting of them. I also post these on my white board for them to see every day. They also keep a copy on their iPad in Notes. It is fun to check them off as we master them!*

I distributed the pretest, read the instructions to them, and asked for questions. There were none and they got busy working. It didn't take very long, so I suspect that most students have struggled with the concepts and that I will be teaching whole class instruction in this unit.

*expand content*

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- UNIT 1: Place Value and Multi-Digit Addition & Subtraction
- UNIT 2: Metric Measurement
- UNIT 3: Graphing and Data
- UNIT 4: Concepts of Multiplication
- UNIT 5: Geometry
- UNIT 6: Fractions 1: Understanding Equivalence in Fractions and Decimals
- UNIT 7: Fractions 2: Addition and Subtraction Concepts/ Mini unit
- UNIT 8: Fractions 3 Mini Unit: Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers
- UNIT 9: Division Unit
- UNIT 10: Addition and Subtraction: Algorithms to One Million
- UNIT 11: Place Value
- UNIT 12: Addition and Subtraction Word Problems
- UNIT 13: Multiplication Unit

- LESSON 1: Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers Pretest
- LESSON 2: Introducing Multiplication of Fractions to Whole Numbers: Building on Prior Knowledge
- LESSON 3: Applying Prior Strategies to Fraction Word Problems Involving Multiplication to the Whole
- LESSON 4: Word Problems RTI: It's a Competition!
- LESSON 5: Quiz: Word Problems and Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers
- LESSON 6: Oh Me! Applying Measurement,Multiplication & Fraction Skills to Make a "Me" Person. Day 1
- LESSON 7: Oh Me! Applying Measurement,Multiplication & Fraction Skills to Make a "Me" Person. Day 2
- LESSON 8: Multiplying Whole Numbers and Fractions Unit Assessment