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* *Reflection: Diverse Entry Points
Cinco de Mayo! Practice with Addition Equations - Section 2: Activity

The students are getting quite accustomed to these simple games that allow them to practice their adding. As I walk around the room, I learn a great deal about where my students are at. Many of the students can look at the dice and immediately know the number. Several students count on from the larger number and some students must count all of the dots on the dice.

This activity comes with the differentiation built right in. The students are give the support of the dots on the dice to count if needed. I do have a student that even counting the dots does not support him with this activity. It is a little boy who continues to struggle with one to one correspondence. He gets very confused counting the dots on the dice. He will tap on the same dot more than once. This student needed some type of accommodation to allow him to be successful. I ended up having this student use counters. His partner will help him count the number of dots on each die and put that number of counters out. He puts out yellow counters for one of the dice and red for the other. He then places the counters in a row and counts them that way. He still needs them to be in a straight line.

This little boy is still benefiting from this activity. He is working to develop the skills he needs to be successful in math. Many people believe differentiation can be a daunting task, but sometimes it is as easy as making a small change to an activity that will help a student grow.

*Cinco De Mayo Celebration*

*Diverse Entry Points: Cinco De Mayo Celebration*

# Cinco de Mayo! Practice with Addition Equations

Lesson 11 of 12

## Objective: Students will be able to write and solve addition equations.

#### Opening

*10 min*

For this part of the lesson, you will need Celebrating Cinco de Mayo Book. Run the book and double staple on the side. If you cut the book in half, you will have two copies.

Prior to reading the book, my students watched a video on Cinco de Mayo. It is available through United Streaming if your district has a subscription. It is called Holiday Facts and Fun: Celebrating Cinco de Mayo. You could watch any other informative video on Cinco de Mayo or read a nonfiction text on it as well. After we watch the movie, I gather the students around my chair and I read for them my copy of the student book that I have colored in. We discuss each page of the book and whether it was something we saw in the movie.

After we are done reading, the students set the book aside. They will be given time to color in it later after they complete the activity in the next section of the lesson.

#### Resources

*expand content*

#### Activity

*15 min*

For this part of the lesson, you will need Pinata Adding included as a PDF with this lesson. You will also need one set of 6 sided dice for each pair of students.

I pass the game sheet out to the students and tell them, *We are going to get some more practice making addition sentences. You will be partnered up. You and your partner will take turns rolling the dice. You will add the dice together. Look for that number on your game sheet. Color that number in and then write the number sentence that the dice show. For example, if I roll a one and a two, I will color in the number 3 pinata. I will write the number sentence underneath. 1 + 2 = 3. It will then be my partner's turn. If you need counters to help you add, they are available. *

*If I roll the dice and they add up to a number I have already rolled, I can use the ANY # spaces in the middle. Once that is full, I will need to say, "Pass". The first person to color in all the pinatas is the winner. If we don't have time to finish, the person who has colored the most pinatas will be the winner.*

I circulate around the room as the children are working. See Cinco de Mayo Math. It is fun to observe the students working with the dice and how quickly some of them can add. When they are all done, I check their work and I have them read a few of their equations aloud for me.

*expand content*

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- UNIT 1: Exploring Numbers 0-10
- UNIT 2: Working With Numbers 0-10
- UNIT 3: Exploring Numbers 11-20
- UNIT 4: Working with Numbers 11-20
- UNIT 5: Sorting, Graphing, and Patterning
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- LESSON 1: Farmer Fred-Identifying Quantities in Groups
- LESSON 2: Farm Fun-Joining Groups
- LESSON 3: In the Pen-Joining Groups in a Ten Frame
- LESSON 4: Ten in the Pen-Joining Groups in a Ten Frame
- LESSON 5: Dot the Dog-Making Ten with Domino Patterns
- LESSON 6: Where Are the Dots?-Making 10
- LESSON 7: Frijoles!-Exploring Ways to Make Ten
- LESSON 8: Farmer Fred's Fenceposts-The Plus and Equal Sign
- LESSON 9: Barnyard Banter-More Work with Addition
- LESSON 10: Addition in Bloom
- LESSON 11: Cinco de Mayo! Practice with Addition Equations
- LESSON 12: Where Did They Go-An Introduction to Subtraction