Learning about the Sun

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Students will be able to share information about the sun with their families by creating a book of facts.

Big Idea

Students see the sun almost every day, but do they really understand what the sun is and its important role in our lives? This lesson will help them build a basic understanding about the sun.


5 minutes

To help set the stage for our learning and to get the students excited about the topic, we sing one of our favorite songs, Mr. Sun, performed by Raffi.



After we sing the song, the students gather in front of the Smartboard for our direct instruction.


Direct Instruction

15 minutes

For this portion of the lesson, I use my SMART Board. If you have a SMART Board, The Sun notebook file can easily be downloaded and opened. If you have a different type of interactive whiteboard, you can still use this lesson by opening the file in Smart Notebook Express. Click here to download. There is also a pdf of the slides so you can recreate this part of the lesson: The Sun Smartboard Slides

I gather my students in front of the SMART Board. I have cards with each student's name on. These cards are used for selecting who will come up to the Smartboard.

I open the first slide (SMART Board Slide 1) with the lesson objective written in "student friendly" terms. There is a content objective and a language objective to help focus on vocabulary expansion for my English Learners (ELs) to be congruent with SIOP instructional techniques. I read these objectives aloud for my students.

Content Objective
I can share facts about the sun.

Language Objective
I can tell a friend an important fact about the sun.

We then move on to slide 2.

Slide 2:  This is the sun.

Slide 3:  The sun is a star. It is closer to us than any other star, that's why it looks so big.

Slide 4: The sun is the center of our solar system. All of the planets revolve around the sun. I explain what it means for the planets to revolve. 

Slide 5:  The sun is not solid like the Earth. It is a big ball of burning gas.

Slide 6:  The sun gives us light. The sun gives us daytime.

Slide 7:  The sun is very hot.  It is so hot, that no one can get close to it. A warm day on Earth is 85 degrees. On the sun, it is 27,000,000 degrees. That is hot!

Slide 8:  Even though we are far away from the sun, we can still feel its heat. If we are in the sun too long, we can get sunburned. Sunburn can damage our skin and cause skin cancer. That's why we should always wear sunscreen when we are in the sun. 

Slide 9:  It is now time for Turn and Talk. I use Turn and Talk to build and strengthen the vocabulary and expressive language of all my kindergarten students, especially my English Language Learner. Each student has an assigned partner. I ask them to raise hands with their partner so I know everyone is partnered up. After they raise their hands, I pose the question to them: Do you remember our ice cube from our last science lesson?  Why do you think the ice cube melted? I want the students to make connections between our previous lesson and the learning that happened today. This discussion gives them the opportunity to practice providing rationale and drawing conclusions. After I give them time to talk and when everyone has had a time to share, I ask some volunteers to share their ideas. I then emphasize for the students that they are using what they learned in this lesson to draw conclusions and rationalize their previous learning activity.

We then move back to our seats for Independent Practice. 

Independent Practice and Informal Assessment

20 minutes

Materials Needed:

  • The Sun Book included as a PDF with this lesson
  • pencils
  • crayons

I distribute the books to the students and have them put their names on the front. I say to the students, We have been learning about the sun. I want to see if you understand some of the important facts about the sun. Each page of this book has a sentence. On most of the pages, you need to decide what word complete the sentence on the page correctly. You will circle the word that correctly completes each sentence. I will read the sentences to you right now, so you know what each sentence says. If you need any help reading the sentences while you are working, just raise your hand and I will be happy to help you. 

I read the sentences in the book for the students. As they are working, I circulate around the room and observe their work, clarifying as needed. After they have completed the sentences, I have them read the book for me  See video. They color in the book while they are waiting for their classmates to finish. Sample Sample Work 1 and Sample Work 2

After everyone is done, the students put the books in their mailboxes and prepare for the lesson closing.


5 minutes

To wrap up our learning and to help reinforce the concepts that we covered during our lesson, I have the students partner up with a neighbor. I say to the students, It is really important that we share with our family what we have bee learning in school. I want you to tell your partner some facts that you have learned about the sun. This way, you will be ready to tell your family all about what you learned today.

I give the students time to talk. This is a great way for students to practice summarizing information without even realizing that is what they are doing. This is an important scientific skill to develop and it is also helps build important literacy skills.