Plant Anatomy-Kindergarten Style

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Students will be able to identify the major structures of plants by labeling a diagram.

Big Idea

To really dive into learning about plants, students need to have an understanding of their basic structures. This lesson will help them build useful vocabulary for future learning.


5 minutes

I begin this lesson by having the students demonstrate what they know about plant anatomy.  I give each table group of students a blank piece of paper.  I invite them to draw a plant and label it for me.  I say to the students, Today we are going to start learning about the different part of plants.  I want to see if you can identify some of the different parts of plants.  I want your group to work together to draw a picture of a plant.  It can be any kind of plant.  Then I want you to label or name some of the part of the plant.  Go ahead and write the name of the part on your picture.  Don't worry if it is book spelling.  Sound spelling is perfect for this activity.

The students begin drawing their pictures.  I am able to walk around and observe their work.  I can see if the students are including basic structures like stem and leaf or if they have a more advanced understanding and are including things like flowers, petals, stamen, etc.

After the students complete their drawing, we do a gallery walk for the students to see what each group came up with.  The pictures tell me that my students have a basic, kindergarten appropriate understanding of the different plant structures.  No one has demonstrated any advanced knowledge, but that's okay.  I know I have English Language Learners who will need lots of vocabulary support and everyone  will benefit from reinforcement of concepts during this lesson.

Direct Instruction

10 minutes

For this portion of the lesson, I use my SMART Board.  If you have a SMART Board, the file Labeling Parts of the Flower can easily be downloaded and opened.  If you have a different type of interactive whiteboard, you can still use this lesson by opening the file in Smart Notebook Express.  There is also a pdf of the slides so you can recreate this part of the lesson if you do not have a Smartboard:  Labeling Parts of the Flower PDF of Slides

I gather my students in front of the SMART Board.  I have cards with each student's name on.  These cards are used for selecting who will come up to the SMART Board.

I open the first slide (Smartboard Slide 1) with the lesson objective written in "student friendly" terms.  There is a content objective and a language objective to help focus on vocabulary expansion for my English Learners (ELs) to be congruent with SIOP instructional techniques.  I read these objectives aloud for my students.

Content Objective
I can identify the major structures of plants.

Language Objective
I can label the major structures of a plant. 

Slide Two:  Let's learn the names of the basic parts of a plant.  We will learn what they do in future lessons. 

Slide Three-Six:  Each major structure of the plant is identified.

Slide Seven:  Can you label the plant?

Students are invited up to the Smartboard to move the name of the plant structure to the correct position.  After everyone has had a chance to do this, we again go over each of the names of the plant.  The students then return to their seats for independent practice.

Independent Practice and Informal Assessment

10 minutes

Materials Needed:

  • Label the plant worksheet (included as a PDF with this lesson)  1 copy of the first page for each student, 1 copy of the second page for every 8 students.  You will be cutting this page apart and giving one set of labels per student
  • Scissors
  • Glue

I distribute the activity sheet to the students and have them put their name at the top.  I tell the students, I want to know how well you know the names of the different structures of plants that we have learned about.  To help us learn more about the parts of plants, we are going to be using a diagram.  A diagram helps us better understand the structures of a real thing, like a plant. 

You will be cutting apart the labels and placing them in the correct place on your diagram of a plant.  If you are not able to read a word, raise your hand and I will help you read it.  Please let me know when you are done labeling the plant and I will check your work before you glue it down.

The students begin working see video and I circulate around the room to check their work.  I note that my English Language Learners are struggling a bit with the words stem and roots (probably vocabulary they are not as familiar with).  After the students finish labeling, they are given time to color the diagram.  One students says, "It's important we use colors that make sense when we are a scientist."  It is fun to see the instruction sticking!!


5 minutes

To wrap up the lesson and to review what we have learned, we listen to and sing Dr. Jean's Flower, Stems, Leaves and Roots.  This song, set to the tune of Head, Shoulders Knees and Toes is a great review of the plant parts.  It also gets students moving!