To begin this lesson students are not given any prior information before reading. I hand out the text "Turtle Tale" (Master #3 in the earthquake packet) and tell students to read once and read with annotations the second time through. The article is a legend explaining why the earth shakes. I have students read, annotate, and then read and model annotations.
This CLOSE reading procedure begins with reading the text through and then upon the reread, annotating with margin notes. I then read the article to the class to model fluency and when I read the second time I model the annotation process. I ask students for feedback on how they did this. We then discuss our reading and confirm our understanding.
I then hand out a second article on plate tectonics. I ask them to read this article in the same way. When they finish with annotations I then read and model the article. When I finish, I ask the class to turn the article over on the back and write their initial thoughts after reading the two.
Using their elbow partner, students will take part in a double discussion. This type of discussion is where students will answer a question but rather than back and forth each person will double up the answer. For example, when I ask the partners to discuss how this legend explained earthquakes, one partner will do all of the talking for one minute. Then the next partner will add and talk for a minute answering the same question. I start by asking questions that are related to the legend and then switch to asking questions about the article on plate tectonics.
To understand why legends were used, I want my students to compare and contrast the two articles. I ask them to use their white boards to create a Venn Diagram. Students will then work to fill in the circles. For the first five minutes, I have them work alone. I then pair them up and have them work together to fill in the rest of the diagram. Students will then need to write a paragraph that explains why the legend was used and what we now know because of science. In their paragraph I encourage them to use facts from both articles to give their writing more strength. We have talked about this in our writing before and I do model an example of how I can use the article to help me when I am writing.