Myth Madness: Arachne & Athena
Lesson 3 of 14
Objective: SWBAT recount myths and determine the central message of the myth.
Today, I meet my students on the rug and we start out be reviewing what we know so far about Greek mythology. We have already learned that there are three major reasons Ancient Greeks wrote myths: to explain something in nature, to teach a lesson, or to celebrate hero stories. We also quickly review our Greek Mythology Family Tree Anchor Chart, which we just added to yesterday when we read the story of Medusa and Athena.
Today, we’ll get started on reading our second myth together. Before we begin reading though, I remind the students that there are many versions of the stories we’re going to be reading together over the next week or so. We take a second to review how Greek myths belong to the genre of traditional literature, and as we know from studying this genre earlier in the year, traditional literature often started through oral story telling. Since so many people told the stories, and then those stories were passed on by other people, the stories get changed and there become many different versions of the same story. I explain to the kids that throughout the week or so that we’re reading Greek myths, I’ll bring in additional texts to read (which they can read during centers, when finished with work, etc.), but it’s important that they know they may come across another story that is similar, but not exactly the same as what we’ve read together.
With that, we had back to our seats and begin to read our second myth together. Today, we read through the story of Arachne and Athena. Yesterday, we read the story of Medusa and Athena, and the kids now know that Athena does not like those mortals that do not seem respectful, so they’re very interested to see who Arachne is and what she’s up to! As we read, the students are captivated yet again-Greek myths are clearly one of their favorite texts we’ve read so far!
Label New Learning
After we have read the myth for today, we take a look at our Greek Mythology Family Tree Anchor Chart. I ask the students if we were introduced to any of the Olympians today in our text. The students say yes, we met Athena again, but we already have up a clip art picture of Athena on our chart. (Clipart created by The LibraryFox and is available for purchase within her TeachersPayTeachers store.) We take a second to describe Athena based on what we learned about her today: What character traits does she have? Do you think she treats mortals well or poorly? Do you think what she did to Medusa was right?
After discussing Athena, I ask if we’ve met any other characters in this myth. The kids say yes, that we met Arachne. We take a second to describe Arachne based on what we learned about her today: What character traits does she have? Do you think she deserved what Athena did to her? I explain to the students that Arachne isn’t exactly one of the Olympians, or the Titans. Just like Medusa, we can’t put her in the family tree with the gods and goddesses, but we can place her at the bottom of our chart, and we call this section “Allusions”. I re-explain that “allusions” are stories (or parts of stories) that are often referred to in other stories, books, etc. In fact, many of the allusions that we’ll come across over the next week or so as we read together are still relevant today! I add our clip art picture of Arachne to our chart!
Now that we’ve read and discussed the text quite a bit, we’re going to work on completing a short story map for the myth. The story map requires the students to identify the following:
-The myth’s characters
-The myth’s setting
-A summary of the myth
-The central message of the myth
Today, since this is our second story map, I’d like the students to begin trying to fill this out on their own. In order to support them today, we discuss each component as a class, but the students make their own notes. This way we’re taking one more step toward independence.
When we are all finished, I ask the students to take out their Greek Mythology booklet covers (which we created earlier and have stored in our red reading folders), open them up, and tuck their recently completed Arachne & Athena story map inside. Then I ask the students to put their Greek mythology booklets back into their red reading folders. The students are already asking which myth we’ll read tomorrow! Again, this is music to my ears!