This week's passage focuses on dialogue and how one punctuates said dialogue. Said dialogue. Please excuse me while I slap my knee for a minute.
The dialogue is the actual words that a character speaks. The words that identify which character is speaking is called a dialogue tag. Examples of dialogue tags are said Liam, explained Adam, Liam questioned, Adam shouted. Sometimes authors leave out the dialogue tags because it's apparent which character is speaking.
To punctuate dialogue that has a statement, you use a comma before the question mark. The end punctuation comes after the dialogue tag. For example, "I have just enough money to do this," said Liam. The comma shows that the dialogue is over, and the period shows that the sentence is over.
If the dialogue is interrupted by the dialogue tag, the first dialogue is not capitalized when the dialogue resumes. For example, "For a mere 49.95 including tax," Liam read aloud, "you can enroll in our online science course." The you isn't capitalized because it's not the start of a new sentence. It's continuing the dialogue, it's part of the same sentence, and so it's not capitalized.
Today we are looking at a passage that is critical to understanding Katniss' character traits. It reveals why she has such a hard time with trust and friendship, and it allows students to make inferences and draw conclusions about Katniss' relationship with Peeta and how it compares to her relationship with Gale.
It's about four pages, which is a bit long for a close read, but I think it's worth it. It's definitely a passage that needs to be read and re-read, it's difficult enough, and it's important enough. I made copies of these four pages so students could mark them up and interact with the words in a more authentic manner.
Next, students wrote a response answering the questions, using their annotations. Sometimes students have a hard time with this step. They don't always make the connection between using their annotations to help them write a response. They think that the annotations and writing are two completely separate things. For those students, I ask them what they underlined. They can tell me those things, and they are comfortable telling me. Then I tell them to write those same things down. The light clicks on, and they can write. You can see six students' responses in the resource section. All of these responses were written by students in my English 7 class.
For this second read, we're going from the big idea (overall what happens) to looking in depth at Katniss, Gale, and their relationship. We're looking at what's new, what we now see about their relationship. We're going from the whole to the specific.
The second read was read aloud by me to model prosody. I cannot emphasize enough how important it is to choose passages for close reading that I am wiling to read aloud five times, ten times in a day. If I'm bored when I read it, my kids are likely to be bored, too.
While I'm reading, I'm also making mental notes about what I need to emphasize with a specific class. For my inclusion and English 7 classes, I emphasize vocabulary and difficult words. For my honors, not so much. This allows me to differentiate just a bit, rather than having a one size fits all approach.
Once I'd finished the prosody read aloud, I asked students to write at least three sentences answering the second question. You can see some of the students' responses. The students that I've included samples for are some of my reluctant readers and writers.
I gave students about four minutes to write their response before asking them to share out with their groups. I gave them about four minutes to talk with their groups before we shared out as a whole class.
The third read is when I pry the the top off my head and let students see what's inside. EW! Gross! I'm not cleaning that up, Ms. DeVries!
Check out these these videos to see the entire third reading session. I edited out some of the down time when I was writing things, but it is 97% of the whole thing. When I was watching it, I was a bit freaked out at how quiet the kids were. It's not that surprising, though, when you remember that kids love to be read to, and this is being read to times a thousand.
Here's some of the things I highlighted:
The last thing students did (because we didn't have enough time to both discuss and write) was talk about the last three questions in this picture.