What Is Personification?

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SWBAT identify the literary device of personification in sentences and write sentences using personification.

Big Idea

We continue learning about figurative language so we can recognize this literary device in our reading and build on this skill in future lessons.

Teacher Background Knowledge and Preparation

One of the reasons I love teaching first grade is because I know that if I do my job well than students have a strong foundation in which they can build their academic careers on.  Students will be sitting in English class years from now looking at complex text, and they'll encounter personification I'm sure.  I'm setting the foundation for that learning right now.  Personification is another technique writers use to evoke emotions from their readers, create layers of meaning, and make their prose sound beautiful.  My students will also be spending time in today's lesson learning about how real authors use personification in texts and practicing speaking sentences using personification.

For today's lesson you'll need a book that utilizes personification.  I am using "The Giving Tree" by Shel Silverstein and "Officer Buckle and Gloria" by Peggy Rathmann.  You'll need either your Smartboard lesson Similes, Metaphors, and Alliteration.notebook or your Activboard lesson Similes, Metaphors, and Alliteration.flipchart.  Students will need their practice packet from the last two lessons.

Reading Our Stories

20 minutes

Just like in the previous day's lessons I partnered my students up using these resources: sorting sticks.pdfPartnerPickingCards.pdf and fun_ways_to_group_students.pdf.

Students came to the carpet and sat in front of the Activboard.  I said, "Today we are going to learn what personification is.  Personification is where we give human qualities to something in a story or poem that is not human. I am going to start reading a story, and you are going to listen and tell me what the author gave human qualities to."  I started reading "The Giving Tree," and, as I read, we discussed that the author gave human qualities to the tree.  Then we read "Officer Buckle and Gloria," and, again, we discussed how the author gave Gloria the dog human qualities.  We talked about how the use of personification added layers of meaning to the stories and how it increased our enjoyment as we read.

When we were finished reading I said, "Now it's time to do some practice on our Smartboard lesson."

Guided Practice

20 minutes

I turned to slide 34 on the Smartboard lesson.  We discussed the examples on slides 34-36 of the Smartboard lesson.  Once we discussed the examples we went through slides 38-41.  There are pictures on each slide of the lesson and the students told their partners a sentence that gave the object human qualities.  Once students had time to practice, we shared our ideas with the class.

You can see this portion of the lesson by watching this video: Personification.mp4.

Independent Practice

10 minutes

Now it was time to do some independent practice.  The students went back to their seats and got out their student work packets.  We discussed the pictures on pages 8-10 of the student packets and discussed some ideas of what we could write about.  Then I let students get to work.  I gave them about 10 minutes to work on their sentences.  Some of my students who absolutely love to write asked if they could write more than one sentence for each picture.  I was so pleased and of course told them yes.

Our Closure

5 minutes

My students have been loving all our lessons on figurative language, so I decided to end this lesson similarly to previous ones by having students share their sentences with the class.  And again, it was a great way for me to check for understanding and another opportunity for students to learn from each other by listening to what their classmate has to say.