We are going to start out the lesson reviewing some information that was previously taught. In doing this, I provide my students with a basis for building this lesson. Having something to build from strengthens the learning in the next lesson.
The other day, boys and girls, we learned a nursery rhyme about a boy named Little Jack Horner. Give me a thumbs-up if you remember this rhyme. Let's say it together: Little Jack Horner sat in a corner, eating his Christmas pie. He stuck in his thumb and pulled out a plum, and said,"What a good boy am I!"
What was Jack eating? A plum pie. Who thinks this is a food that they would like to try?
We are going to learn another nursery rhyme today as well. It is a bit longer, but let's give it a try.
"Sing a song of sixpence..."
Some of the words are tricky and without help, you can't figure out their meaning--a sixpence was a little bit of money. Rye is a grain that people use to make bread. What do you think a counting house was? What about a parlor? Listen to that part of the rhyme again to figure it out?
I want to say the rhyme again now that we know what some of the words mean. Does this help you to better understand the nursery rhyme?
Compare is to think about how two things are alike. Contrast is to think about how two things are different. Understanding similarities and differences helps us to connect ideas together. We can learn about something new by using compare and contrast with something we know more about. Being able compare and contrast helps us to make a better decision when choosing between two things. We use Compare and Contrast to help us understand what we are reading.
I have some picture cards that can help us retell the rhymes, but the problem is that I dropped them and they got all mixed up. I was thinking that we could get the hula hoops down and put them on the floor and overlap them in the middle. I will put a sign that says "Little Jack Horner" in one hoop, and then put another sign that says "Sing a Song of Sixpence" in the next hoop. In the middle where the two hoops cross, I will put the word "both". We could take the cards, then, and sort them by where we know they must go. Anything that is the same between the two rhymes we will put in the middle. This way we can compare what is alike and contrast what is different. What do you think about that? I will call on certain students to help me out, in particular, those children that are looking especially wise.
My students have used the hoops before as a Venn Diagram. They like to be able to move pieces around.
Now that we have all the cards in the right places, let's talk about the things that were the same in both rhymes. Were there more things that were the same or that were different?
I like the way you are thinking.
Taking the information that you have learned from our Hoop Venn Diagram, you will be completing a comparing ans contrasting page. At the top, I have written Little Jack Horner on the left side, and Sing a Song of Sixpence on the right. You will need to identify the characters, write down their names and draw a simple picture. On the bottom half of your paper, you will need tell me about the setting and also draw a picture. This way I can see what you remember from the story and how well you have worked on this assignment.