SWBAT identify characteristics of limaçons and roses and sketch their graphs.

Use rectangular trigonometric graphs as a tool to sketch polar graphs.

20 minutes

To start class I will lead a discussion about the homework problems that students had to complete. For questions #4-8 from this worksheet, they have to compare two more polar graphs to the rectangular counterpart. I will choose students to present their work on the document camera so that we can have a discussion about it.

Again, I will use the method of looking at individual intervals of the rectangular graph to sketch the polar graph. I explain more in the video below.

Unable to display content. Adobe Flash is required.

I also encourage students to highlight portions of the graph to show the corresponding features (like in this image). This seems to really drive home the visual connection between the two graphs.

20 minutes

This homework assignment is a good summation of all of the work we have done with graphing polar equations. At this point students should feel comfortable with using the rectangular counterpart to guide the sketch of the polar graph.

I give this to students in class so they have a lot of time to work with their table groups and bounce ideas and questions off of each other. Here are a few aspects that I will focus on as they work:

- I try to get students to
**predict the number of petals**that a rose curve will have. While they are working I will ask them how many petals they think the next problem will have. I want to get them thinking about the relationship between the coefficient of*θ*and the number of petals. - Some students get bogged down by the specifics of the rectangular graph. For instance, if they don't know the exact angle measure where the graph hits the x-axis, have them
**focus on the big picture**and just estimate the value. - Many students realize that when the rectangular graph hits the x-axis, the
**polar graph must hit the origin**. If a student does not realize this, try to guide them to that conclusion. **Reinforce the vocabulary**while students are working. As I go around I will ask them to name the graph (limaçon, cardioid, or rose).

10 minutes

To end the lesson today, I want to come to some conclusions about how we can **predict how many petals the graph has** by looking at the equation.

Students usually notice that r = sin(2θ) has four petals while r = cos(3θ) + 2 has three petals. A student may hypothesize that if it is a sine equation then the number of petals is double the coefficient. Or a student may think that if it is an even coefficient there twice as many petals as the coefficient and if the coefficient is odd it is equal to the number of petals. If these conjectures do not come up I usually present them to the class and have them discuss.

Usually students will come to the correct conclusion by looking at other examples from the worksheet or playing around on their graphing calculator. One of my students made a very **insightful observation **when he said that r = cos(3θ) does have 6 petals, but they perfectly overlap on what is already present.