Cause and Effect With "Why Mosquitoes Buzz In People's Ears" Day Three

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SWBAT recognize, define and write the cause and effect relationships in the third part of the story.

Big Idea

Today we are analyzing the third part of the story and students will understand that the way the characters interact in the story is what determines the events in the story.

Teacher Background Knowledge and Preparation

     Today we are going to continue to analyze the cause and effect relationships in the third part of the story.   When we are analyzing cause and effect relationships we are addressing standard RL1.3. Our students need to understand that the interactions between the characters is what causes the events in the story to happen.  Its these interactions that make the events in the story unfold.  The events aren't just random happenings.  The students will continue to develop their understanding of RL1.3 until they reach the anchor standard  where they will eventually be able to  analyze how and why individuals, events, or ideas develop and interact over the course of a text. 

     Over the course of the lesson, I will also be asking my students many questions to allow them to understand the cause and effect relationships.  They will be discussing the content of the book with their partners and as a class.  This addresses standard RL1.1.

     Finally, you'll see in my reflection in a later portion of the lesson, that I have to clue students in to a pattern that the author has established in order for my students to be able to comprehend the story.  When I clue my students in to certain patterns that the author has established and analyze how these patterns shape the meaning of the story we are addressing standard RL1.4.

     For today's lesson, you'll need the story "Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears".  You'll also need  either your Smartboard  Why Mosquitos Buzz in Peoples Ears.notebook or Activboard Why Mosquitos Buzz in Peoples Ears.flipchart lesson.  Students will need their student work packet from the last few days. 


Reading and Discussing the Story and Recording On Our Mult-Flow Map

20 minutes

     Just like in other lessons I partnered students up and told them which table to sit at.  I gave the students the objective and overview.  I said, "Today we are going to continue our work with analyzing the story and seeing how the character's interactions cause the events in the story.  When we do this it is called cause and effect.  We will record our cause and effect relationships on our multi-flow maps and then we will be able to answer our text dependent questions. Let's start on the 3rd part of our story. "

     I brought up slide 13 on the Smartboard lesson.  I said, "We have 3 effects that happen as a result of King Lion calling the crow.  We'll really have to listen for those 3 events." I read page 14 of the story.  I said, "Partners, it's time to talk about what you think the 3 effects are of King Lion calling the crow." After partners talked we had a class discussion.  I started asking questions again to focus students' attention.  I would ask questions such as "Do you think what they just said was correct?  How do you know that's correct? " When we had determined what the 3 effects were I referred back to slide 13 on the Smartboard.  I said, " Record your effects on your multi-flow map on page 9 of your packet."

     We continued on in this exact same manner with 3 more cause and effect relationships.  These included:

  • determining the effects of King Lion calling the rabbit
  • determining the effects of King Lion calling the python
  • determining the effects of King Lion summoning the iguana

Students continued to fill out their multi-flow maps on pages 9-10 of their student packets. You can see this part of the lesson here Discussing and Writing Our Effects - Day 3 Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears.mp4 .

Independent Practice

20 minutes

     It was time for my students to do their independent work.  When I taught this lesson it was late March and I was really taking a step back from assisting my students so much.  I said, "Now it's your turn to answer your questions.  Turn to page 11 in your packet.  You will do the questions on pages 11-12 of your packet.  Use your multi-flow maps as a tool to help yourself out when answering questions. You can talk to your partner if you feel like you absolutely have to but if you use your multi-flow map you should be able to answer the questions on your own. Just remember to reread your sentences to make sure you have used evidence from the text to answer your questions. "

    I walked around the room, helping my strugglers to read the questions.  Since this was the third day of our lesson, the students understood the process of what they needed to be doing.  They were doing a great job of using their mult-flow map as a tool to help themselves answer their questions.  You can see by watching the video here in the resource section that the room is very quiet.  They really are concentrating on what they are doing and they are very independent workers.  I am so excited to take a step back and not really be needed.  It's a huge change from the beginning of the year.   

     I want to be clear that just because my students don't need me as much doesn't mean I go and hide behind my teacher's desk.  I am still walking around the room and "nit picking" my students work.  This is a great opportunity for me to ask questions like "What kind of letter does a name need?  What kind of punctuation do you need?"   This is an authentic opportunity for students to practice their grammar skills such as correct usage of punctuation, and capitalization of proper nouns.  You can see my students answering questions here Answering Our Questions - Day Three Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears.mp4 .


5 minutes

      The koosh ball closure was such a success this week I decided to do it again.  The koosh ball closure is really easy if you just want to close the lesson by asking questions.  I said, "O.K let's review what we did today.  Who can tell me what the effects were of King Lion calling the crow?" I threw the koosh ball to a volunteer and they answered the question.  I asked a few more questions and whichever student had the koosh ball would throw it to someone else.  The remaining questions were:

  • What were the effects of King Lion calling the rabbit?
  • What were the effects of King Lion calling the python?
  • What were the effects of King Lion summoning the iguana?
  • How can we determine what an effect is when we are determining cause and effect relationships?