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# Area of Parallelograms

Lesson 4 of 14

## Objective: SWBAT find the area of a parallelogram by moving a triangular section to form a rectangle on a grid and counting the number of square units

#### Think About It

*7 min*

Students work in pairs on the Think About It problem. The **key idea** that I want to come out of our whole class discussion is that the figures have the same area, even though they've been re-arranged.

While sharing, some students might state that the area of the figures is 15 square units. If they think this, it signals a misunderstanding about the formula we've used to find the area of rectangles. If students apply A = l x w to the L-figure, they don't have a firm grasp on when to use the formula.

If this does happen, I'd ask the class to unpack why we cannot use A= l x w, and then have students share out how they got to 7 square units.

#### Resources

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#### Intro to New Material

*15 min*

In this lesson, students are not introduced to a formula to use to find the area of a parallelogram. Instead, they are decomposing the parallelogram using triangles and using the triangle to compose a rectangle. Students then either count squares or apply the formula to find the area.

After the Think About It problem, I quickly fill in the notes. I then show the giant parallelogram from the Intro to New Material page on the document camera. I want to be sure that the triangle that we are using to compose a rectangle is clear, so I will use a dry-erase marker in a noticeable color to really make it 'pop.' See the model for students for a visual example.

For lower performing students, I print off the parallelogram and physically cut the triangle off of the parallelogram and move it to create the rectangle. I can then use this manipulative with individual students who might struggle during independent practice.

If students seem unsure about this method, I will keep the group as a whole class and we'll try the first partner practice problem together.

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#### Partner Practice

*15 min*

Students work in pairs on the Partner Practice problem set. As students are working, I circulate around the room. I am looking for:

- Are students correctly rearranging the parallelogram to make a rectangle?
- Are students correctly determining the area of a parallelogram by determining the area of the rectangle associated with the parallelogram?
- Are students correctly labeling area with square units?

I am asking:

- How did you find the area of the parallelogram?
- How did you know the area didn’t change?
- What does it mean to rearrange a figure?
- Is there another way you could rearrange the figure to make a rectangle?

After partner work time, the class goes over problems 4-7. I cold call on students to share where they 'cut' a triangle and what the area of 4a and 4b must be. We also quickly share out responses for the true/false probelms.

**Teaching Note:** When making copies of the resources in this lesson, set the copy machine to a dark setting, so that the grid lines are visible for students!

#### Resources

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#### Independent Practice

*20 min*

I provide students about 20 minutes to work on the Independent Practice problem set. A student work sample can be seen here.

After independent work time, we discuss problem 2b. In this problem, the rectangle covers 15 square units, because of half units on one side. There will be students who do not pay close attention to this, and will think that the area is 16 square units because they've counted the half unites as whole square units (there might also be students who decide to 'ignore' the half units, and record 14 units squared as the area).

I also have students share strategies for problem 7. I expect there will be at least one student who chooses to draw a rectangle. I always display this, along with a regular parallelogram, on the document camera. I ask the student who used a rectangle to justify this shape. I'm looking for the student to explain that a rectangle *is *a parallelogram.

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#### Closing and Exit Ticket

*8 min*

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- UNIT 1: Number Sense
- UNIT 2: Division with Fractions
- UNIT 3: Integers and Rational Numbers
- UNIT 4: Coordinate Plane
- UNIT 5: Rates and Ratios
- UNIT 6: Unit Rate Applications and Percents
- UNIT 7: Expressions
- UNIT 8: Equations
- UNIT 9: Inequalities
- UNIT 10: Area of Two Dimensional Figures
- UNIT 11: Analyzing Data

- LESSON 1: Area of Rectangles
- LESSON 2: Rectangles with the Same Area and Different Perimeters
- LESSON 3: Rectangles with the Same Perimeters and Different Areas
- LESSON 4: Area of Parallelograms
- LESSON 5: Area of Parallelograms, Applying the Formula
- LESSON 6: Finding the Area of Triangles by Composing Parallelograms
- LESSON 7: Area of Triangles, Applying the Formula
- LESSON 8: Area of Trapezoids
- LESSON 9: Area of Shapes on the Coordinate Grid
- LESSON 10: Draw Shapes When Given an Area
- LESSON 11: Area of Compound Shapes on the Coordinate Grid
- LESSON 12: Area of Compound Shapes
- LESSON 13: Area of Compound Shapes with Unknown Dimensions
- LESSON 14: Area of Compound Shapes, Using Decomposition