Introduce a problem of the day:
Mr. Fear’s class has 9 King Cakes. Ms. Vaughan’s class has 7 King Cakes. How many King Cakes do they have altogether?
Is the total number of King Cakes even or odd?
Turn and Talk: What is the first step I should take when solving this problem?
Students will likely suggest adding the two numbers. I record student responses.
I hand out white boards and have students work independently on the problem. I circulate to determine what trends are happening and where students might be getting stuck (i.e: some students might choose to subtract instead of add).
Turn and Talk: What strategies did you use to solve this problem?
I have two or three students come to the front and share how they solved the problem--some students may have added in their head, others may have used cubes or drawn ones—make sure to spotlight student(s) who have used different strategies.
Turn and Talk: How do you know whether the answer is even or odd?
I push students to use the ten frames from yesterday in their answers as well as multiples of 2 (C group)
Make sure that students are able to describe the two distinct parts of this problem: (1) Finding the sum and (2) Determining whether the sum is even or odd.
Independent Practice is differentiated based on proficiency with this skill. (I use yesterday's lesson and success on the guided practice problem to determine groupings).
Group A: In need of intervention.
Students in group A will work with the teacher to complete word problems with sums 1-20. Students in this group should be allowed to use cubes and ten frames in order to understand these concepts concretely.
Group B: Right on track!
Students in group B will complete word problems with sums 1-40.
Group C: Extension
Students in group C will complete word problems with sums 1-100.
Today we used what we know about story problems and what we know about even and odd numbers to solve some tricky problems. Before we go, answer the following question in your math journal (or on a blank piece of paper).
Hailey has 9 blue pens and 10 black pens. Is the total number of pens ODD or EVEN?
Allow students to work silently for 3-5 minutes. Then have two students share out their answer to the group.