I chose this text and topic because M.L. King Jr. is an important historical figure in American history. You could use any historical figure for this lesson, as long as you have an informational text that has details for the students. My class had done a previous lesson about this character, so they brought a lot of ideas to the lesson. Here's the lesson - M. L. King, Jr., His Story was in the Past - that I taught prior to this to add to the students' knowledge about Martin Luther King, Jr.
In Part 1 of this lesson, Organize Your Narrative, students used an organizer to write a sequence of main ideas and details about Martin Luther King, Jr. This is part 2 of the 3 part lesson about writing narratives. Second graders need time to work through these writing steps of the writing process (brainstorm, organize, rough draft, edit, final draft). The district expectation for my students is to create a 5 paragraph essay, aligning with the Common Core Standards of composing a variety of types of essays, including narratives that recount a sequence of events. (W.2.3). In this lesson, students will create a rough draft and add temporal words to signal event order, as well as a conclusion. Guiding students through each step and giving them practice will ultimately help them be independent writers.
To give you more background about how to help students write a 5 paragraph essay, I encourage you to look at an earlier unit - Writing with Main Idea and Details - that I taught about writing expository essays.
Underlined words below are lesson vocabulary words that are emphasized and written on sentence strips for my Reading & Writing word wall. I pull off the words off the wall for each lesson, helping students understand this key 'reading and writing' vocabulary can be generalized across texts and topics. The focus on acquiring and using these words is part of a shift in the Common Core Standards towards building students’ academic vocabulary. My words are color coded ‘pink’ for literature/’blue’ for reading strategies/’orange’ for informational text/'yellow' for writing/’green’ for all other words)
Common starting point
My goal in this short introduction is to refocus the students' attention on the task and bring all to the same place that we left yesterday.
Give the purpose and background of the lesson
Work with students
Explain and Demonstrate
My goal is this activity is for students to begin to become responsible for editing their work. They do have a basic understanding of these 'star' concepts, so they can be held accountable to fix some minor mistakes. I am not focusing on new grammar rules (quotation marks or complex grammatical phrases). My focus is, instead for students to use what they know to go back and correct their own work. The Common Core standards encourage students to be able to focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing. (W.2.5)
Students take a turn
As students participate in these collaborative conversations (SL.2.6), they are ultimately talking about their own writing and looking over others' writing. They are following the rules for discussion, taking turns, and building on what others say. This is the kind of learning the the Common Core Standards is striving for. (SL.2.1) The ultimate goal is for students to, when appropriate, learn from each other. Did someone forget to capitalize the noun? That's a good sentence because the noun and verb agree? Wow, my neighbor says it's hard to write too. This kind of learning and writing toward a goal is a true team effort led by individual students working and learning how to be great writers.