Analyzing and Evaluating Text Structure

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Students will be able to list and explain different text structures by taking notes on text structures and their signal words and uses.

Big Idea

Problem and solution? Cause and effect? Working with text structures.

Do Now: Write a Hyperbole

5 minutes

We continue our play with figurative language for our Do Now today, writing examples of hyperbole to get our brains working. Students enjoy coming up with funny exaggerations and sharing with the class; though I call on students to share, others volunteer once I am satisfied.

"She was elephant large!"

"I could sleep for decades..."

"The roads are so bad even a dog sled couldn't handle them" (they were hoping for a snow day today).

We've got the idea, and we're in a figurative language mindset--time for our first independent practice!

Figurative Language Quiz

15 minutes

Today I ask students to analyze a quote for figurative language independently. They analyze the following excerpt from "Self-Reliance" for trick, meaning, and tone:

“Pythagoras was misunderstood, and Socrates, and Jesus, and Luther, and Copernicus, and Galileo, and Newton, and every pure and wise spirit that ever took flesh. To be great is to be misunderstood.”

Once all quizzes are submitted, we discuss the answer so students get immediate feedback.

Text Structure Lecture

25 minutes

With three practices complete for our figurative language standard, we are ready to add on additional standards to our work. I introduce the analysis and evaluation of text structure today via a PowerPoint presentation. We look at different text structures students might encounter in our readings, including transitions which might provide clues as to which structure is being used. Further, I give verbal examples of how I would evaluate for each structure, knowing that students find evaluation to be a tricky task: