This is a fun activity that introduces the kids to the concept of the four types of sentences (declarative, exclamatory, imperative, and interrogative.) Although sentences are basic components of grammar, these descriptive terms are not words that are very familiar to students, though most have heard of the first two. As CCSS is used with fidelity in our classrooms, these domain specific terms of grammar will be secured for use in advanced English classes in upper grades.
I begin by using the textbook to lead the kids through examples and descriptions of each sentence. This is a concrete way to familiarize each child with the terms. Although this solid method indicates attention...that everyone has the information in front of them, this doesn't mean they are all connected to what's going on. Time and time again, I witness learning that's retained easier with activity, and this engaging lesson is further proof.
On the Smart Board is the Warm Up. They are to think of the different types of sentences, decide the one that's their favorite (they will not think this is a weird question- they'll just do it) and then write that type of sentence. Ask volunteers to come to the Smart Board and write their example: Warm Up Smart Board. Of course, find out the type they'll be writing first so each of the four is represented. This is the perfect lead-in to the main event: Putting together a skit utilizing the four sentences.
I've already prewritten the assignment on the Smart Board. At the bottom, is an area for them to once again, review what the four types of sentences. Calling on volunteers, I have each come forward and write one of the types on the assignment page. Writing the Four Types of Sentences. This was a good idea because I kept watching the kids refer to it as they worked on their skits.
Once the assignment is discussed and questions are answered, I pick sticks from our class cup to create groups of four kids in each Each Kid a Type of Sentence. Any leftovers are added to a second group so there may be a few groups of five. In this case, sentence assignments just have to be adjusted. Once the students have gathered in their foursome, they're told to decide which child will be the master of which type of sentence (declarative, exclamatory, imperative, interrrogative.) It's necessary to the activity that each child has a different type Which Sentence Are You? In one of the groups in my class, two kids REALLY wanted to write the exclamatory sentence, which makes sense when you think of how loud exclamatory sentences can be. I told them to make the selections randomly to solve the problem. I did not do it for them, nor did I create the manner of how they did this. It was an opportunity for them to problem solve the issue on their own, which they did.
From there they reviewed what each sentence type needed to meet its criteria, and created a skit using each sentence type twice. One of the stipulations was that this eight sentence skit had to be a storyline that made sense, as opposed to a series of unrelated sentences.
I was pleased with how they worked together Students Collaborate on this activity, and gave input only when they were really stuck on how to fit a necessary sentence into the story. Sometimes, it was more challenging than expected because each type of sentence 1-4 couldn't be repeated, and the same with sentences 5-8. It was nice to see them working out these surmountable issues, and the end result was great! The kids enjoyed the process and had fun practicing the skits.
They were eager to share their creations with the class, and I happily gave them the opportunity! Each sentence skit was fun and relatively easy to write. More importantly, the chance for them to use the somewhat complex sentence terms (declarative, exclamatory, imperative, interrogative) multiple times, helped the kids to integrate them into their common vocabulary. I gave an impromptu test of four sentences a few days later, to test their retention, and was pretty happy with the results. The one that seems to elude retention the most, imperative. I started using that word more frequently than I normally would, "You will remember this word, it is imperative," (an imperative sentence,) for example and hope that action will cement the term into their 5th grade brains.