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# Gas Guzzlers

Lesson 16 of 19

## Objective: SWBAT to organize data, write a function that represents the data algebraically, and then use that function to predict other data.

## Big Idea: In this activity, students will organize given data about cars and their respective mpg to determine a function that represents data. Then, using the function, the student has to determine the likely mpg of a car model not displayed in the data.

*45 minutes*

### Heather Sparks

#### Warm Up

*5 min*

For today's Warm Up, I provided a graph and a context and asked the students to decide if the two agree. When the timer sounds, I ask students to share their ideas with their table mates. This allows students time to verbalize their thinking which typically strengthens responses from students when I call on them.

When polled, half the class believed the graph matched the scenario and were able to label the graph based on what was happening: tub filling with water, kid getting in, kid staying in, kid letting the water out of the tub. There was some discussion about whether most people stay in the tub while the water runs out. For those students, I asked how the graph should change to show the kid got out. A student came to the smartboard and wrote his idea for the graph on top of the given one (in a different color) and his table mates agreed.

This will certainly lead to 8.F.A.2. which expects students to compare two different functions given a variety of representations.

#### Resources

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#### Gas Guzzlers

*30 min*

In today's activity, students must organize given data into a table, graph the data on a coordinate grid, create a line of best fit, and then determine the equation/rule for the data. Once a rule is determined, the student will use it to find the expected mpg for a 2009 model year car.

I expect students to be able to complete this task in 30 minutes or less since we have practice the required skills several times in this unit.

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#### Closure

*10 min*

Because students collaborated on today's assignment, I was interested in seeing who can apply the function rule independently as well so I posed a new problem for them to answer as a ticket out the door (on note cards): *Use the function from your data to predict the mpg a 2014 model year car would likely have.*

#### Resources

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- UNIT 1: Welcome Back!
- UNIT 2: Rules of Exponents
- UNIT 3: How Big? How Small?
- UNIT 4: So What's Rational About That?
- UNIT 5: The Fabulous World of Functions
- UNIT 6: Shapes On A Plane
- UNIT 7: What's at the Root?
- UNIT 8: Playing Around with Pythagoras
- UNIT 9: Quantum of Solids
- UNIT 10: It's All About the Rates
- UNIT 11: Oni's Equation Adventure

- LESSON 1: Fabulous World of Function- Unit Introduction
- LESSON 2: Turtle & Snail Part I : An Introduction to "Rule of Five'
- LESSON 3: Turtle & Snail Part II
- LESSON 4: What's My Rule?
- LESSON 5: What's My Rule? Technology Mode
- LESSON 6: Writing Function Rules
- LESSON 7: Rule of 5 Poster Project
- LESSON 8: Charity Walk-A-Thon
- LESSON 9: Which T-Shirt Company?
- LESSON 10: Right Hand/Left Hand
- LESSON 11: Penny Bridges
- LESSON 12: Penny Bridge Debrief
- LESSON 13: What's the Correlation?
- LESSON 14: Slinky Stretch Lab
- LESSON 15: Cup Stacking
- LESSON 16: Gas Guzzlers
- LESSON 17: Rule of 5 Card Match
- LESSON 18: Here Comes Halley!
- LESSON 19: Buying a Ford Mustang