# How Do We Write Numbers? - Writing 4 & 5

## Objective

Students will be able to name, count and write numbers 4 and 5.

#### Big Idea

Five Little Ducks is a story that goes along with the children's song by the same name. Students will review the numbers 4 and 5 by listening to the story. They will also learn rhymes to help them write the numbers.

## Problem of the Day

5 minutes

I start the lesson with a problem of the day to help students review skills and concepts from prior lessons and develop their ability to problem solve.  I call the students up to the carpet. The students find their spots while saying this chant with me.

Criss cross, applesauce, hands in your lap, eyes on the teacher, you've got to show me that.

I project the Problem of the Day on the SMARTBoard and say to students, "This is our Problem of the Day for today.  This says 'Match the numbers to the correct group.  Which group has more?'"  I say, "This problem has two parts.  What is the first thing it asks us to do?"  (Match the numbers to the correct group.)  I have a student come up, count the lions and drag the number into the box.  I call another student to do the same for the rabbits.  "Listen to the direction again.  'Match the numbers to the correct group.  Which group has more?'  What do we need to do next?"  (Tell which group has more.)  I have a student tell which group has more and explain how they know.

I tell students, "Today we will continue to learn about numbers.  We are going to practice writing the numbers 4 and 5."

## Presentation of Lesson

25 minutes

To start this lesson, I show a video with the five little ducks songs. I like this particular video because it counts the ducks and shows the numbers.

When the song is finished.  I draw 1 dot on a white board and ask students to count the dot with me.  I then write the number 1 on the board.  I tell students, "This is a number 1."  I continue with numbers 2, 3, 4, and 5.  I tell students that we will be reading a story today called Five Little Ducks.  I use a Raffi Songs to Read version illustrated by Jose Aruego and Ariane Dewey.  I like the illustrations in this book and how easy it is to count the ducks.

Unfortunately this book does not have the numerals written, so I have five students come up and hold the white boards.  During the story, I stop throughout to have the students count how many ducks are in the picture.  I then have the student with that number on their board hold it up so that all of the students can see that number and draw it with their finger in the air.

I tell students that we will be practicing the numbers 4 and 5 on a Writing Numbers 4 and 5 worksheet.  I show students the paper and say, "We will be working on this paper together.  You need to get out your pencil and put your name on your paper.  When your name is on your paper hold your pencil in the air, that will let me know that you are ready to start."  I like to have students hold up their pencils or put their hands on their heads when they are finished with a task. It makes it easy for me to see who is ready and also keeps the students from writing all over their papers while they wait for other students to finish.  I hand each student a paper for them to take back to their seats and while the students are writing their names, I turn on the projector and document camera and display the worksheet on the SMARTBoard.  When all students have their pencils up, I say, "The directions on this paper say ‘Count the objects.  Trace and write the number.'  Put your pencil point on the first sun.  Point to each sun as we count them together.  How many suns are there?"  I call on a student who is raising a quiet hand.  I have the student come up and point to each sun as they count aloud.  I then model how to write the number 4.  I say this rhyme as I write it "Down and over and down some more, that's the way we make a four."  The rhymes I use to write the numbers I learned from another teacher, and they work great to help the students remember how to write the numbers.  I continue this with the second questions about the moons.  When modeling the number 5, I say, "Straight line down, then around. Hat on top and five's a clown."  I say, "The next set of directions says, 'Count the objects.  Write the number.'  You may finish the paper on your own."  When they are finished, they put their papers into the paper tray in the front of the classroom and get their center.

## Practice

20 minutes

Since the students finish their papers at different times, I circulate through the room to make sure that students are completing their papers, putting it in the tray and getting their centers.  This week's centers are:

Sorting Fruits and Flowers  (Education.com)
Sorting by Size and Counting with Bears (Download mat from PreKinders.com.  I cut off the smallest bear since the bears I have are only two sizes.)
Thumb Print Counting
Number Tracing (Schoolsparks.com)
SMART Board- Online Game Critter Junction (Macmillanmh.com)

I quickly circulate to make sure students are engaged and do not have any questions about how to complete the centers.  I pull three groups during centers.  I pull the first group for 10 minutes and the other two groups for 5 minutes each.  The first group is comprised of the students who were having trouble identifying numbers 4 and 5 and matching the numbers to objects.  I have a basic idea of who I want in each group based on my beginning of the year assessment on numbers and counting, but I also take into account how the students did in the whole group lesson.  I pull the students back to my small group table to do a reteach activity using flash cards and manipulatives (for this lesson I used bug counters).  I show the flash cards and have students practice identifying the numbers.  I then give each student a pile of manipulatives (1-5) and have them pick the number card that matches their group.  Today I use number cards that have a tactile number on them that the students can trace with their finger to practice the number formation. If you don't have this type of card, it is quite easy to make your own set using cardstock, a computer printer, and white glue. Trace the numbers with glue, and sprinkle with sand. Or make a series of glue "dots" to create the number.

The next two groups do a follow up activity that reviews identifying numbers, counting objects.  I use the flash cards and manipulatives with these groups as well.  I start by showing the students flash cards again and having them practice identifying the numbers.  I do this much quicker for these groups.  I then give each student a pile of manipulatives (1-5) and have them write the number on a white board.  Prior to clean up, I check in with each table to see how the centers are going.  I turn on Tidy Up by Dr. Jean

There are many wonderful transition songs to be found, for free, online if you'd like to use music for transitions too.

## Closing

5 minutes

I close this lesson by inviting students back up to the carpet.  I turn on the SMARTBoard and let one of the students who did well writing 4 and 5 come up and show us how to write a 4 and 5.  As they write, I have the other students say the number rhymes with me.  I mention positive things that I noticed during centers.  I also include something that needs to be better next time.  I review what we did during our whole group lesson.  "Today we learned how to write the numbers 4 and 5. How do we remember how to write a four?   (Down and over and down some more, that's the way we make a four.)  "A five?"  (Straight line down, then around. Hat on top and five's a clown.)  "Let's count to 5 together."  1, 2, 3, 4, 5  "Tomorrow, we are going to continue practicing how to write the numbers 4 and 5.”