I like to spend a sufficient amount of time on each strategy to allow for an introduction, modeling, scaffolding, independent practice, assessment, and reflection. Therefore, I spend approximately 1 week on each strategy and follow a similar instructional routine. This is day 3 of Author’s Purpose Week – Independent Practice. In this lesson, students will give students a chance to identify Author's Purpose on their own, with self-selected text instead of teacher-selected text.
Connection: I always start by connecting today’s lesson to something kids have previously learned so that it triggers their schema and background knowledge. Since this is the third day they are learning about Author’s Purpose, I make a connection to the scaffolding lesson we did yesterday. I ask students what strategy we are working on this week and wait for them to say Author’s Purpose. This time, I want them to remind me what Author’s Purpose is, which is the reason an author writes a text.
Teaching Point: This is when I tell kids explicitly what we will be working on. I say, “Today, I want you to apply Author’s Purpose to whatever book you are reading on your own.” I use our current chapter Read Aloud book and model the use of a sticky note to determine whether the Author’s Purpose is to persuade, to inform, or to entertain (PIE). I always write my name and class # at the top of the sticky note, then the title of the book underneath my name. Then I write the Author’s Purpose that I chose along with evidence of why I chose it (see picture).
Active Engagement: This is where students get to try out the strategy that I just taught them. I ask them to think about some things that they would like to persuade others to do or believe. After a minute or two of thinking time, I tell them to turn and talk to their partner to share some ideas. I give the students a few minutes then call on some to share. Students will have a range of fun ideas, like why others should play a particular sport, why they should root for one college over another, why homework should be banned, etc. I spend a little extra time with the persuasion piece because this is the type of text that students will come across the least. I want to make sure they understand the power of persuasion.
Link to Ongoing Work: During this portion of the mini-lesson, I give the students a task that they will focus on during Independent Reading time. Now that they are familiar with Author’s Purpose, I tell them that during Independent Reading, their job is to prepare a sticky note for our Post-It Parking Lot (see reflection and picture) with any book of their choice. The day before, they practiced the strategy with text that I chose so today they get an opportunity to apply the strategy to the books that they choose. I expect them to have their sticky note prepared by the end of Independent Reading time. When they finish their task, they should continue reading books from their browsing box. At the end of Reader’s Workshop, they will place their sticky note on the Post-It Parking Lot and then gather at the carpet to share a few examples. I remind students that I will only share sticky notes that are complete and correct.
Transition Time: Every day after the mini-lesson, students get 5 minutes of Prep Time to choose new books (if needed), find a comfy spot, use the bathroom, and anything else they might need to do to prepare for 40 minutes of uninterrupted Independent Reading.
Guided Practice: Today, I will be conferencing with students right at their comfy spots and asking them to show me their sticky notes. This is also when I could pull students for assessments, one-on-one reading, strategy groups, or guided reading groups.
Closing: At the end of 40 minutes, I remind students that their job during reading time was to complete a sticky note with their name, class #, book title, and then Author’s Purpose with evidence. Then I ask them to place it in their designated class # spot on the Post-It Parking Lot. While students are putting their browsing boxes away, I scan the sticky notes to find a few great examples to share. Today, I am looking for examples that have the student's name, class number (in case it falls off the parking lot), the correct Author's Purpose, and evidence of how they knew the Author's Purpose. Once students gather at the carpet, I share the examples with the class. I then tell them that we will continue our Author’s Purpose work tomorrow. Reader’s Workshop has come to an end.