I began the lesson by explaining to scholars the direct object is the noun or pronoun that received the action of the verb. Direct objects follow action verbs. In order to determine the direct object, simply ask yourself "what?" or "whom?" after you say the verb. This lesson builds on scholars' prior knowledge because in order to determine the direct object, they must first know how to identify the verb. Given the sentence - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wanted equality for all people. The verb is "wanted." Wanted what? - equality. "Equality" is the direct object.
We then watched a short Brainpop video and took the graded quiz. (Teacher reviews quiz whole group and gets scholars to show sign language for answers a, b, c, or d or write answers on a personal dry erase board.) (Click here to watch video.)
Scholars worked in pairs creating their own sentences and their partner identifying the direct object. They then alternated their roles.
Scholars divided into two teams to play a Knowledge Bowl game. One person from each team goes to the front of the class. One scholar creates a sentence with a direct object. In order to get a point, the other scholar has to identify the verb and the direct object. I had students to also identify the verb in order to scaffold their learning to get them to better understand the direct object. The 2 scholars then reversed roles and the other scholar attempts to get a point. This way, both scholars have an opportunity to create a sentence and identify the verb and direct object. Then, the next 2 scholars come forward. The winning team is the team with the most points at the end of class (see attached Knowledge Bowl Instructions as a resource to display on the SmartBoard.)
To close the lesson, each scholar Thinks-Pairs-Shares with a neighbor and tells them what is a direct object and how you determine the direct object in a sentence. The ticket-out-the-door is each student telling me as they exit what is a direct object and how you determine the direct object in a sentence.