I begin the lesson by asking my scholars a question - How can a sentence run? I go on to explain to them that a run-on sentence is a sentence that goes on and on without having the appropriate punctuation or appropriate use of a conjunction. What makes a run-on sentence? It's two or more sentences written as though they are one sentence without the appropriate punctuation. You fix them in 1 of 3 ways: Write 2 separate sentences with appropriate end punctuation. Separate the two sentences using a semi-colon. Make a compound sentence using the two simple sentences, separated by a comma, and a coordinating conjunction. (See the attached resource.)
Next, we watch a short Brainpop video on "Run-on Sentences" and take the graded quiz at the end. (Click here to watch video.) (Teacher will take and discuss the quiz whole group. Students will either show teacher answers (a, b, c, or d) to the quiz in sign language or by writing on personal dry erase boards as a check for understanding. Teacher will use this check for understanding to monitor and adjust instruction as appropriate.)
In order to play Fly Swatter Grammar, we need 2 fly swatters. I divide the class into 2 teams. I read a sentence and the first person to hit the fly swatter on the white board answers and tells me if the sentence I read is a complete sentence or a run-on sentence. If the person says the sentence is complete and it is, that team gets the point. If the sentence is a run-on sentence, the person has to verbally correct it using one of the 3 ways to correct a run-on sentence we have discussed in class today. Let's review those 3 ways of correcting a run-on sentence. (I display the three ways to correct the sentence on the Smartboard. See Powerpoint resource.) We play the game for the rest of the class period. The team with the most points at the end is the winning team.
To close this lesson, I have students to look at the sentence I have written on the board - The mayor ran a good campaign he won the election by a landslide. On their paper, I have them to correct the run-on sentence in the 3 different ways we have discussed today.