Lesson: Summary - Chapters 11-18

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to write a summary based on the main ideas and detail within the story.

Lesson Plan

Objective:  Students will be able to write a summary based on the main ideas and detail within the story.

Lesson Plan


Do Now (10 minutes):  Write 3 sentences describing how you feel about the book so far.  Do you like it, if so why?  Is there anything that you don’t like about the book, if so what?  Try and be as short and to the point as possible using complete sentences. 

Opening (15 minutes):  We have been focusing a lot on the characters of “The Secret Zoo” lately.  We identified the main character, the minor characters, and the relationships between the two.  In order to make our character wheel really come alive and help us organize our thinking we have to put some text on it to describe that relationship that is going on between various characters in the story.  The way we are going to do this is by summarizing.  I know you all know what summarizing is, so let’s talk about it:

Have a small discussion about what summarizing is and what it is NOT (maybe make a chart so this information is visible).

Direct Instruction (I DO):

·         Teach students the difference between re-telling and a summary.

o   They are very closely related. A summary is a concise account of the main idea (facts).

o   A re-telling is an account of the story with many details AND the main ideas presented.

·         What we are trying to do is get a short, simple, to-the-point account of what is going on.  We don’t want to give away the story to someone that hasn’t read it yet.  We want to give them the nuts and bolts of what is going on.

·         The reason we do this, is because when we can put think about and write (in our own words) what is going on in a story, we have a much better understanding of what is going on.

·         To do this we are going to use the Five-Finger Method, much like out Main Idea:

o   Who?

o   Did what?

o   When?

o   Where?

o   And why?

·         In this case we are going to be focusing on the relationship between two characters in our book.

·         Student might bring up that this is very similar to figuring out the main idea

o   Explain that a summary is made up of multiple main ideas and is used to figure out what is going on in a bigger section than just one chapter.

·         Model using the Five Finger Method for the class (while explaining, make an anchor chart:  Five Fingers to Summarizing) using major-minor character relationship.

o   Start with Megan and Noah

o   List all the different details of their relationship (they are brother-sister, they are in the action scouts, loves and misses his sister, Noah is determined to find Megan, Megan disappeared, Noah is looking for Megan in the Zoo, etc.)

o   Pick the most important main ideas in their relationship and model writing a summarizing paragraph about Megan and Noah.

·         Explain to students that these summaries are going to go on the character wheel that has been started.

·         **Extension – as we continue reading, students should be given the opportunity to amend the character relationships on the character wheel.  This should be done on a weekly basis to keep the character wheel current.

o   Explain what an addendum is in legal terms and how they can use these to change the character wheel. (see attached file)

Guided Practice (WE DO):  Have students pick another two characters that have a relationship with each other.  Go through the process of summarizing their relationship with the students.

Allow students to discuss what they are thinking and constructively correct or criticize their peers. 

These summaries are to be recorded on the summaries sheet, to be added to the character wheel (see attached document)

Once teacher and students have done one together, have students split up and do a common one in pairs. 

Come back as a group and discuss the summaries that were written.

Independent Practice (YOU DO):  Using your discretion, assign a character relationship to students.  Some are more difficult than others, so make sure to assign character relationships accordingly.  

Student will summarize their assigned relationship.

Lesson Resources

Interactive Online Activity
Lesson 39 DO NOW   Starter / Do Now
Lesson 39 Character Summary Template Addendum   Combination
Lesson 39 Character Summary Template   Combination
Lesson 39   Lesson Plan


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