# Lesson: Making Inferences based off Prior Story Knowledge

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### Lesson Objective

Students will be able to make inference about characters and events in the story.

### Lesson Plan

Objective:  Students will be able to make inferences/draw conclusions about characters and events in the story.

Lesson Plan

Standard/Code/Name:   Making inferences/Drawing conclusions

Do Now:  (see attached file) Post a picture of a building on the board:

What do we know?  What clues does the building site give us?  How do we know?  After finishing; read Chapter 24.

Opening:  Writers often tell you more than they say directly. They give you hints or clues that help you "read between the lines." Using these clues to give you a deeper understanding of your reading is called inferring. When you infer, you go beyond the surface details to see other meanings that the details suggest or imply (not stated). When the meanings of words are not stated clearly in the context of the text, they may be implied - that is, suggested or hinted at. When meanings are implied, you may infer about them.

Direct Instruction (I DO):

Inference is just a big word that means a conclusion or judgement. If you infer that something has happened, you do not see, hear, feel, smell, or taste the actual event. But from what you know, it makes sense to think that it has happened. You make inferences everyday; most of the time, you do so without thinking about it. Suppose you are sitting in your car stopped at a red signal light. You hear screeching tires, then a loud crash and breaking glass. You see nothing, but you infer that there has been a car accident. We all know the sounds of screeching tires and a crash. We know that these sounds almost always mean a car accident. But there could be some other reason, and therefore another explanation, for the sounds. Perhaps it was not an accident involving two moving vehicles. Maybe an angry driver rammed a parked car. Or maybe someone played the sound of a car crash from a recording. Making inferences means choosing the most likely explanation from the facts at hand.

·        Draw conclusions about their reading by connecting the text with their background knowledge.

·        Synthesize/come up with new ideas and information

·        Create unique understandings of the text they are reading

·        Make predictions about the text, confirm or disconfirm those predictions based on textual information, and text their developing comprehension of the text as they read.

·        Extend their comprehension beyond literal understandings of the printed page.

### Model using the Inference Record, or the “Making Inferences” sheet while doing this.  The “Making Inferences” sheet may be better for using the post-it notes in the lesson. (see attached files).

Guided Practice (WE DO):

You did some inferencing during your DO NOW…you looked at that photo of a building and tried to draw some conclusions about it.

Facilitate a small discussion about the DO NOW in order to show the class that they have already tried this comprehension strategy out.

Let’s take a look at Chapter 24 and 25, we have already started reading or finished reading.  Lets see what we can find in terms of inferencing.

Hand out post-it notes to students and allow them to figure out various parts of the chapter where they can make inferences.

·        Students will have their own copy to mark these parts with their own post-its.

Allow students to share after reading the chapter

Students should post their notes on a “Making Inferences” chart on chart paper

·        Students will tell you the quote from the book and the will post their inference.

·        Facilitate a discussion about these inferences.

After discussion allow students to play the “Making Inferences Card Game” – no more than three students in a group. (see attached files)

• All the materials and boards need to be prepared ahead of time.

Students should be able to play the game for 15 minutes.

Independent Practice (YOU DO):