Lesson: Fact & Opinion

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to distinguish between fact and opinion.

Lesson Plan



State Standard:

5.IT-E.2. Distinguish fact from opinion in expository text, providing supporting evidence from text.



Students will be able to distinguish between fact and opinion.


Do Now

In your journal discuss how you know someone is telling you the truth.


What is a fact? What is an opinion?

Direct Instruction

Sort the following sentences by fact or opinion.


Mayor Fenty is the most accomplished mayor D.C. has ever seen.

Mayor Fenty is the 46th mayor of Washington, DC. 

This city has the highest crime rate in the world.

The police officers in the city are doing their very best to erridicate the crime in the city.

The best time to eat breakfast food is in the morning.

Skipping meals can cause weight gain.


Discuss the differences between fact and opinion. Ask about fact checking. Even though it is a fact, a reader who is really interested in the information should always check their facts. Sometimes things written and reported as facts are not correct. For example, Mayor Fenty is not the 46th mayor. He is the fifth.

Guided Practice

Find facts and opinions in this shared article: http://www.citymayors.com/mayors/washington_mayor.html


Discuss key words that tell you it might be an opinion (ex. I feel, think, believe, should, maybe, etc)

Independent Practice

Have students select an article from any section of your local newspaper. Have them highlight facts in blue and opinion in yellow. 


Have students choose 1 fact and change it into an opinion. Have students choose 1 opinion and change it into a fact.



Why is important to be able to distinguish between fact and opinion? Why should we fact check? Share an independent work



Independent work


Lesson Resources

No resources at this time.


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