Lesson: Following and Interpreting Multi-step Directional Texts

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to follow, interpret, and build multi-step directional texts.

Lesson Plan

Objective:  Students will be able to follow, interpret, and build multi-step directional texts.
Lesson Plan
Standard/Code/Name:  
DO NOW (5-7 minutes): Write down the step to making your favorite sandwich. 
Opening: There are steps that we need to follow for everything we do, from getting ready in the morning, to following a recipe, to doing your favorite activity. In order to do these things, we had to follow a set of directions in order to do it again and again, successfully. We are going to learn how to follow, interpret, and build our own multi-step directions. I know that you are an expert at doing something and we are going to draw on this expertise in order to show your proficiency in multi-step directional texts. At the end of the next couple of days, you will be presenting your expert activity to a small group and they are going to learn how to do it themselves.
The reason for this, is because there will be a couple questions on tests about a directional text. We need to become experts on how to interpreting them. The way we become experts is by writing them ourselves.  
Direct Instruction (I DO): Throughout life you will have to follow multi-step directions in order to be successful at completing different tasks. These texts can be found in recipes, within non-fiction texts, etc. If we don’t follow them the correct way, we will not be successful, it is important that when we come across these types of texts that we put our “good reader” caps on and really be thoughtful about what is being told to us. Let me show you what I mean:
Take this recipe for example:
 Snickerdoodle
• 1/2 cup butter, softened
• 1 cup sugar
• 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
• 1/4 teaspoon cream of tartar
• 1 large egg
• 1/2 teaspoon vanilla
• 1 1/2 cups all purpose flour
• 4 Tablespoons granulated sugar
• 1 1/2 teaspoons cinnamon
Directions
Preheat oven to 375 degrees.  In a mixing bowl, beat the butter on medium speed for 30 seconds.  Add the 1 cup sugar, baking soda, and cream of tartar.  Beat until combined, scraping sides of bowl occasionally.  Beat in the egg and vanilla until well blended.  Beat in as much flour as you can with the mixer, and stir in remaining flour.  Cover with plastic wrap and chill for 1 hour. Combine the 4 tablespoons sugar and 1 1/2 teaspoons cinnamon in a small bowl.  Shape the dough into 1 inch balls and roll in cinnamon sugar mixture to coat.  Place balls of dough 2 inches apart on an un-greased cookie sheet.  Bake for 10 to 11 minutes or until edges are beautifully golden.  Transfer cookies to a wire rack to cool.
As a good reader, I can’t just assume I know what I am doing. If I were to just put everything in a bowl and mix it together and put it in the oven, I’m pretty sure that the cookies would turn out something like this (provide the example for the students). 
What if I forget to mix something in, say the baking soda? I’d probably end up with something that looked like this (provide the example for students).
For me, I think that the best way for me to understand and do everything I need is to make my own list of steps. Looking at the directions what do I need to do first?
1)   Preheat oven to 375 degrees.
2)      Next, I have to:  In a mixing bowl, beat the butter on medium speed for 30 seconds.
3)      Next: Add the 1 cup sugar, baking soda, and cream of tartar.  Beat until combined, scraping sides of bowl occasionally.
4)       Beat in the egg and vanilla until well blended.
5)       Beat in as much flour as you can with the mixer, and stir in remaining flour.
6)      Cover with plastic wrap and chill for 1 hour. 
7)      Combine the 4 tablespoons sugar and 1 1/2 teaspoons cinnamon in a small bowl.
8)      Shape the dough into 1 inch balls and roll in cinnamon sugar mixture to coat.
9)      Place balls of dough 2 inches apart on an un-greased cookie sheet.
10) Bake for 10 to 11 minutes or until edges are beautifully golden.
11) Transfer cookies to a wire rack to cool.
 
If I follow those directions exactly, I should come out with cookies that look like this (provide the example for students to eat)
When being tested, you will be asked questions like:
  • What happens AFTER you beat the butter for 30 seconds?
  • What step comes BEFORE Transfer the cookies to a wire rack?
If will be require you to read carefully and look for those key words like, BEFORE, AFTER, NEXT, etc.
Guided Practice (WE DO): Read Factory Fries (page 98-102)
Using the process modeled in the Guided practice, have students construct a process for making frozen French Fries, just like the factories do.
Students may need another example that is a bit more visual: Use the PB&J activity. 
Have student tell you how to make a PB & J sandwich while you make it in front of them.
·        If student forget to tell you to take out a piece of bread, don’t do it.
·        Spread the PB on your hands.
·        Make sure that students are creating proper step-by-step set of directions where they don’t forget anything. This will help them with their IP activity.
Independent Practice (YOU DO): MODEL THIS ACTIVITY WITH YOUR STUDENTS. TEACH THEM SOMETHING THAT YOU ARE AN EXPERT AT. Tie-Dying is a great way for students to see this, though it is messy, they have something to take away from the experience.
·        You are an expert at doing a lot of different things in your life: whether that is riding a bike, baking, doing a cartwheel, etc.
·        You are going to teach a partner how do this.
·        You will make a poster with the steps needed to complete the activity
·        You will instruct your group and help them to become experts in doing your activity.
·        They will have to follow your multi-step directions in order to complete your task.
·        After you have taught your activity, your group members will complete a questionnaire in order to reflect on their experience (see attached file).

Lesson Resources

Lesson 24   Lesson Plan
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