Lesson: Static Vs. Dynamic Characters

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to analyze the speech and behavior of characters in a short story and describe how characters change or remain the same.

Lesson Plan

Static Vs. Dynamic Characters
“The Treasure of Lemon Brown” by Walter Dean Myers
Standard Name
Students will be able to analyze the speech and behavior of characters in a short story and describe how characters change or remain the same.
Do Now
Read the scenarios below and fill in the missing parts using your own ideas.
Scenario 1- Three students are hiding in the school bathroom talking on their cell phone when an administrator enters the bathroom and catches them red-handed. The three students then _________________. 
Scenario 2- Samuel sits at his desk completing his work, when the teacher walks by and says “great work Samuel, keep it up!” Then Samuel ______________.
Scenario 3- Kristin is at home reading her book when her mom comes home and notices that she hadn’t washed the dishes yet. Next Kristin______________________.
·         Teacher explains to the class that they will read a short story titled “The Treasure of Lemon Brown” by Walter Dean Myers and study the behaviors and speech of the two main characters Lemon Brown and Greg.
·         Direct the class back to the warm up and have the class share out their continuations to the three scenarios. (Optional: Turn and Talk)
Directed Instruction
·         Teacher will define static character (a character that stays the same throughout a story) and dynamic character (a character that changes throughout a story as a result of the events in the story).
·         Teacher will then ask students to think back to the “do now” and think-pair-share which scenarios involve static characters and which involve dynamic characters.
·         Teacher will then explain to students that to determine if a character is static or dynamic you must monitor what the character says and does throughout the entire story.
·         Teacher will then read aloud a familiar children’s story or use a popular children’s movie to model how to complete the character development chart. (Suggested book: The Sneetches by Dr. Seuss; Suggested movie: The Lion King or Beauty and the Beast)
Guided Practice
·         Teacher will guide students through the first two pages of “The Treasure of Lemon Brown” and the completion of the first row of the character development chart for Greg. Teacher should split the class in half, one half should write important things that Greg says on post-it notes and the other half should write important things that Greg does on post-it notes.
·         After reading the first two or three pages of the story students will turn and talk their findings for Greg with their neighbor. Teacher will ask for volunteers to share and add their responses to a character development graphic organizer for the entire class to see.
·         Scholars will then work in pairs or groups of three to read the next page or two pages of the story and complete the next two rows of the character development graphic organizer. Scholars will monitor those pages for important actions and dialogue that Greg has with himself or another character in the story.
·         After all scholars have finished their graphic organizers, the teacher will ask for volunteers to come to the board and fill in the whole class graphic organizer with their findings.
Independent Practice
·         Scholars will continue reading the remainder of the story independently and list out the important actions and dialogue the characters have with themselves or other characters in the remaining spaces of the chart.
·         Scholars should share their response to the static or dynamic box from their character development graphic organizer. They should explain why they think the character is static or dynamic. (Optional: This can be used as an exit ticket or written on a post-it note and taped to a wall chart. Charts should have the characters name at the top and two columns one for scholars who think the characters are static and one for scholars who think the characters are dynamic.)

Lesson Resources

static or dynamic graphic organizer   Classwork
Characters actions warm up   Classwork
Walter Dean Myers Literature


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