Lesson: Asking Questions Before Reading KWL I

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to ask questions about the text, list what the know about the topic before they start reading and state why this is important.

Lesson Plan

Objective:  Students will be able to ask questions about the text, list what they know about the topic before they start reading and state why this is important.

Lesson Plan: 


Do Now (5-7 minutes):  Why do we ask questions?  Why is it important when we read?    

Opening (5 minutes):

Non-fiction can be a very daunting genre to read.  There is so much information that can be contained between the pages of any non-fiction book, no matter how think or thin it may be.  As we have just started to look at “Chew On This;” I can already tell that there is going to be so much information in here, that at times I am going to want to pull my hair out! 

The good thing about non-fiction text is that when it is written in a large book like “Chew On This” it is written in such a way that we don’t need to read it from cover to cover like a novel.  Non-fiction is meant to be able to be picked up and read to answer a couple questions or get a little information at a time.  If you want to be ambitious, you can certainly read the whole thing from beginning to end, but by no means, is it required.

We are going to learn a strategy today that is going to help us throughout this whole unit:  QUESTIONING!

Direct Instruction (I DO):

Hand out the KWL Chart (see attached file) to the class.  Explain what it is and how it is used.

K – Done before we start reading.  Is done to start thinking about what we already KNOW about the topic being discussed in the text.  Ask yourself:  “WHAT DO I ALREADY KNOW ABOUT ___________?”

W – Done after taking a look at the headings and other text features start asking questions about what you WANT to learn or know.  After taking a glance at the content ask yourself:  “WHAT DO I WANT TO KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC?”  These are going to be your questions you have.

L – Done after you have read and answered some/all your questions you had and LEARNED something from the text.  Ask yourself: “WHAT DID I LEARN FROM READING THIS?” 

Before we start reading today or any time we read non-fiction we are going to use this process.  Are we going to fill out a KWL chart every time we start and finish our non-fiction reading?  ABSOLUTELY NOT!  We are going to be getting so good at this strategy that you will be thinking about this process automatically!

If you take a look inside your books you will notice there are a lot of headings and photos; text features that we recently learned about, throughout the whole book.  These are going to help us out a lot because they will start out our questioning about the section/chapter we are going to read. 

Let’s take a look at the first chapter, entitled “The Pioneers” – Pioneers are people who are first or among the earliest in any field of progress.  So this chapter is going to be talking a lot about the people who started the fast food industry.

K -First thing I want to do is ask myself:  WHAT DO I KNOW ABOUT THE FAST FOOD INDUSTRY’S START?  Record this under the K in your KWL chart:

***Stress that students and adults sometimes have no clued about the topics they are about to read, and that it’s okay not to KNOW anything about the topic.  This just means you will have a lot of questions about the topic.

Record what you know in the K column on large chart paper, or white board, or smart board.

W – Next I want to take a look at the section headings and the pictures to gather some initial questions.  One question I have after reading the chapter title is “Who were the pioneers or people that started the fast food industry?”  After looking at the picture and caption another question I have is, “Who is Hamburger Charlie?”

See what I did there?  I turned the chapter title and captions into questions.  I want to see you trying this when you practice on your own.

Go further and record other questions that you have in the W section of the KWL Chart.

L – I’m not going to worry about this section until we are all done with our reading.    

Now that I have my questions and know what I want to find out about, I can go ahead and start reading.  This is going to be where I am going to find the answers to my questions.

Am I going to get all my questions answered?  Maybe, maybe not.  And you might learn some other information that you didn’t even have questions about.

Guided Practice (WE DO):

Follow the same process using pgs. 15-18.

Have a KWL chart on chart paper, white board, or smart board for students to see this process happen while they do it. 

Ask students the same questions that you used to fill in the K and W part of the KWL Chart (use attached file).

Independent Practice (YOU DO):

Have students choose any section they want in “Chew On This” and complete K and W columns on new KWL Charts (use attached file). 

Keep these because tomorrow we will be completing the chart with what the LEARNED.

Homework: Read pgs. 13-18 in “Chew On This”

Lesson Resources

Lesson 19 KWL Chart   Activity
Lesson 19   Lesson Plan


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