Lesson: Summary

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Lesson Objective

Students will write a summary paragraph for a fiction story by identifying the most important events in the story.

Lesson Plan

Objective:  Students will write a summary paragraph for a fiction story by identifying the most important events in the story.
Lesson Plan
DO NOW (10 minutes): Read Chapter 34. What would have happened if Mig didn’t only get Desperaux’s tale? How would that have changed the story?? 
Opening (5 minutes):  As good readers, we made sure that every time we start reading we recall the most important events from the last time we read. Today , we are going to continue to work on this skill by writing a summary paragraph of what we are reading. This will help improve a lot of our reading skills such as finding main events, sequencing, and summarizing. We have already started this process by completing the detail/main idea sheet for each chapter. 
Direct Instruction (I DO): As we read we are going to use post-its to mark important events in our story that w might want to include in our summary paragraph. When we are reading a short story it is usually easy to pick out the 3 or 4 most important events because we have less information to choose from. When we are reading a novel, it can be more difficult because there is a lot more going on in our story. We are going to use a few guiding principles that will help us pick out the most important events. (make an anchor chart with these to display in the classroom)
1.     Look for the events with major characters in the story.
The author will usually give us information about the minor characters but we don’t want to include this information in our summary.
2.     Include events that move the story forward.
For example, Despereaux reading is important to understand him as a character but him revealing himself to humans moves the plot.
3.     Include events that turn the plot or change the direction of the story.
Read Chapters 35-36, stopping to take note (on post-its) of examples of the 3 principles to writing a good summery.
Model writing the summery for Chapters 35-36
Guided Practice (WE DO): 
·        Split the class into 3 groups – each for the three books we have read so far in “The Tale of Despereaux”.
·        Explain that the three groups are going to take their Details/Main Idea pages and decide which events within their assigned book are the most important based on the 3 Guiding Principles.
o       Review these before students start working – allow students to refer back to the anchor chart in order to do this.
o       Have students repeat these principles back allowing students that struggle to get as much exposure as possible.
·        Teacher should circulate during this time facilitating discussion and helping students to decide on best events.
·        Students will have to sequence these events in order to write a proper summery.
·        Use post-its to highlight the events that are going to make it into the summary. (each student has their own set of detail/main idea pages in their folders)
o       Number these to show their sequencing.
·        If students have disagreements, this is a great chance to review the guiding principles and allow for quality discuss on what is “important”. 
Independent Practice (YOU DO):
·        Once students have sequenced their events and discussed what is going to be included in their summery, students should begin drafting their summaries for their assigned book.
·        Teacher should continue to circulate in order to help those that are struggling. 
·        Students who struggle with writing may need sentence starters in order to get the writing process started.
Homework: Read Chapters 37-39 and complete questions about summerizing (see attached file)

Lesson Resources

Lesson 12 HMWK Why Write a Summery   Homework
Lesson 12 Guiding Principles for Writing a Summary   Notes


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