Lesson: Major vs. minor character

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Lesson Objective

Distinguish between major and minor characters in a text

Lesson Plan

Do Now (10 mins)

Ask students to complete contect clues practice (1-10).

***Once students complete do now ask them to share out and go over answers.

Teaching Point - Major character vs. minor character

Mini lesson (15 mins)

Teacher says: "On yesterday we were introduced to characterization and we looked at how a trait is a pattern that we see in a character in a text and not just once. Today we are going to work on distinguishing between a major character and a minor character because it’s important to know how each character effects a story’s conflict, plot, subplot, and other characters. Also, understanding who is the major character and minor character helps our comprehension of a story in addition to understanding the theme of the story."

  Ask students to copy the following into their reader’s notebooks (see previous lessons about reader's notebooks)

 1. Main character is strongly emphasized in the plot, and the story will mostly revolve around them with little or no parts without them.

2.      A minor character is someone with a lot of parts and important to the story, but not 100% needed. Would usually be a good friend or enemy of the main character.

Teacher says "Let’s use a story that we are familiar with “Raymond’s Run.” Teacher will model explicitly pointing out how Squeaky as the major character is involved in the story every step of the way and identify Squeaky’s traits through words, actions, and her interactions with others. Teacher will also point out Raymond as a minor character and his role in the story.

Active Engagement (4 mins)

Ask students to identify another minor character in the story and what you think their importance is to the story? How would the story be different if they weren’t in the story? Then have students share responses with the class then wrap up and transition to independent practice.

Independent practice (45 mins)

Students will practice the skill in their independent reading books.

1. Identify the major and minor character in your independent reading book



Copies of “Raymond’s Run”

Independent reading books

Post its


Students were easily able to identify the major and minor characters in the text. This lesson went well due to students familiarity with the text.


One thing I would change  would be the text that was used during the mini lesson. some times students having familiarity with a text is good, but this lesson would have been more rigorous if another text was used. In addition, during the independent practice give students more activities to due besides just identifying the major and minor characters.


This lesson was pretty straight forward. One thing that would need explanation depending on the students is what constitutes a character being major or minor.








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