Lesson: Holidays & Traditions

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Lesson Objective

a) SWBAT explain that communities celebrate culture and history. b) SWBAT define holiday. c) SWBAT define tradition

Lesson Plan

Teacher: G. Newman
Date:  3.3.1
Subject: Social Studies
Class: 3rd Grade
AIMS for the class (on the board before class starts):
a) SWBAT explain that communities celebrate culture and history to build community.
b) SWBAT define holiday.
c) SWBAT define tradition
EXIT SLIP / Assessment of FIRM MASTERY of the Aims:
AGENDA with times for each item (on board before class starts):
HOMEWORK (usually cumulative review & on the board before class starts):
Reading w/ compare & contrast
1) Quick Questions / Do Now (Cumulative Review and Geared for Quick Success) 3-5 minutes
 1. Definition of culture.
2) Hook / Interesting Idea 30 seconds to 3 minutes
List all of the things you celebrate. How you celebrate them. Why you celebrate them.
3) Students go over the AIMS and AGENDA for the class (on the board) 30 seconds to 1 minute
AF Bushwick Elementary School                                      Name: _________________________
Class: _______________________                                      Grade 3 Unit 3 Lesson 1
Quick Question: (3 Minutes)
Finish the sentences.
1. Culture is ____________________________________________________________.
2. The best thing about holidays are the _________________________________________.
3. I celebrate holidays with ____________________________________________ because ________________________________________________________________________________.
Name it! Vocabulary (3 Minutes)
 Holiday: a special day for remembering an important person or event.

Holiday = A special day



Tradition: a special way that a group celebrates.

Tradition  = A special way




Vocabulary Practice: Make it Stick! (3 minutes)
Write the definitions for Holiday and Tradition two times to make it stick in your brain
Holiday: ___________________________________________________________________
Holiday: ___________________________________________________________________
Tradition: ___________________________________________________________________
Tradition: __________________________________________________________________
Quick Check! (2 Minutes)
Directions: Using the definitions from earlier and your work during class to fill in the sentences.
A tradition is a special _______ that a group celebrates.
A holiday is a special _______ for remembering an important person or event.
Big Question
Why do we have celebrations, holidays, and traditions?
Stop and Jot: Write what you think (3 Minutes)
By celebrating _____________________ and ______________________________ holidays bring people together and build community.
Your Turn!
Example: State Fairs
“State fairs bring people together to celebrate the hard work they have done all year. It is a yearly tradition that has been followed for hundreds of years. People from all areas of the state bring the best examples of their work for others to see. People bring many different things to display at the fair. Farmers show their livestock (farm animals). On tables, people spread out homemade arts and crafts items, homegrown food, and carefully prepared baked goods.â€
How do state fairs show how communities celebrate culture and history to bring people together and build community? __________________________________
Your Turn! (5 Minutes)
Example: N’cwala “An African Thanksgivingâ€
“Many people all over the world celebrate the harvesting of crops at the end of the growing season. They give thanks for a good harvest by holding a celebration. The Ngoni people in Zambia hold a celebration called N’cwala. N’cwala includes many people coming together, sharing foods and performing traditional dances and songs.
How does N’Cwala show how communities celebrate culture and history to bring people together and build community? __________________________________
Exit Slip                                                               Name: ________________________________
Class: ____________________                         Grade 3 Unit 3 Lesson 1
Directions: Read the definition below. Circle the correct word.
1. A special day for remembering an important person or event
          Holiday                         Tradition                       History
2. A special way that a group does something. How a group celebrates.
          Holiday                         Tradition                       History
Directions: Answer the question in complete sentences.
3. How do holidays bring people together and build community?
Homework                                                         Name: _______________________________
Birthday Traditions Around the World
    A birthday celebration in the U.S.A. is usually a family affair. Whether it is for children or grownups, there is usually a cake. Often, there is the same number of candles on the cake as the age of the person having the birthday. Guests sing a familiar song called Happy Birthday To You and bring gifts The guests may play games for fun or eat cake and ice cream together. It is a very special celebration. Birthdays are not always celebrated the same way in other countries. 
     In Mexico, many children celebrate their birthdays with a piñata. A piñata is a large papier-mâché object formed like an animal or other favorite shape. It is filled with candy and treats. The piñata is hung by a rope from a tree or post. Blindfolded children take turns hitting the piñata with a stick. When the piñata is broken, the treats fall out. The children quickly gather as many goodies as they can. 
     In China, many citizens celebrate two birthdays. They celebrate one on the solar calendar and one on the lunar calendar. For example, if a boy were born on July 31, 1972, his lunar birthday would fall on June 20. Chinese think that a child's first birthday is a very important event. At this celebration they will put the baby in the center of a group of objects or toys. Whichever item the baby picks up will tell the child's future. For example, if a baby girl picks up a pen, then she will one day become a writer or a scholar. Many Chinese like to eat noodles on their birthdays. That is because they believe that noodles symbolize long life. So for good luck, a bowl of yummy noodles is a must have dish at birthday celebrations!
      In Greece, a family celebrates a child's birthday each month after it is born. This continues until the child is a year old. Greek desserts are served at the parties. Some of these are cheese or spinach pie and baklava. Presents are exchanged in much the same way as the American tradition. 
     In Denmark, flags are flown outside the bedroom window of the person having a birthday. Presents are placed upon a sleeping child's bed. The child will see the presents as soon as he wakes up. There is usually a special celebration for what Danes call "round birthdays." Large parties are organized and lavish entertainment is provided to celebrate a round birthday. These would be the ages of twenty, thirty, forty, and so on.
     In many parts of Africa, initiation ceremonies are celebrated instead of birthdays. When children reach a certain age they learn various beliefs, songs, dances, and customs of their tribe.
    The greeting, "Happy Birthday" has been translated into nearly every language in the world. In Mexico it is "Feliz Cumpleanos." In China it is "Sheng Ri Kuai Le." In Brazil it is "Feliz Aniversario." In France it is "Joyeux Anniversaire." No matter how it is said or how it is celebrated, birthdays are special days for everyone.
What is one similarity (the same) between birthday celebrations in the United States and birthday celebrations in Mexico? ___________________________________________
What is one difference (different) between birthday celebrations in the United States and birthday celebrations in China? _______________________________________

Lesson Resources

G3 Unit3 Holidays HolidaysTraditions BringPeo   Other


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