Lesson: World War II European Theater

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Lesson Objective

By the end of the lesson, SWBAT describe the major battles of the European theater during World War II.

Lesson Plan

 

KEY POINTS.

 

·       June 6th, 1944, the Allied forces launched the largest sea attack in history.

·       160,000 troops and soldiers crossed the English Channel in ships and planes and landed on the beaches of Normandy.

·       Eisenhower led the surprise attack.

·       This day is known as D-Day.

·       After they landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, UK, and the U.S. pushed from the west towards Germany, while the Soviet Union pushed from the East – Germany was fighting a two front war.

·       The Allied powers also attacked Sicily and North Africa where Italy was fighting. The Tuskegee Airmen played a major role in the fight in Sicily.

Essential Questions: What were the major battles in the European theater of World War II?

Vocabulary: D-Day, Eisenhower, Normandy, Nazis, Allied Powers, Axis Powers, Battle of the Bulge, Italy, Sicily (Tuskegee Airmen), Stalingrad, Race to Berlin, Stalin, Hitler

ASSESSMENT.

At the end of the lesson, Ss will complete a newspaper article about the U.S. invasion of Normandy after watching a couple examples of newsreels that were shown in Movie Theaters.

1. OPENING (5 min.)  

Teacher:

·       T will begin the lesson with the following starter: “What would you do for your country?”

·       T will the Ss first share their responses with their classmates.

·       T will have the Ss share their responses with the class.

·       T will explain that today we are going to learn about the European Theater of War and the U.S. involvement in the invasion of the Normandy beaches.

·       T will review the objective for the day.

Student

·       Ss will share their starter.

·       Ss will internalize the objective for the day.

2. INTRODUCTION OF NEW MATERIAL (25 min.)

 

Teacher:

·       T will begin the lesson with a brief PowerPoint on the European theater of World War II (PowerPoint or Key Note – Lesson 15 – World War II European Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit):.

·       T will have the Ss take notes on a graphic organizer on the following key points (Graphic Organizer – Lesson 15 – World War II European Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit):

·       June 6th, 1944, the Allied forces launched the largest sea attack in history.

·160,000 troops and soldiers crossed the English Channel in ships and planes and landed on the beaches of Normandy.

·Eisenhower led the surprise attack.

·This day is known as D-Day.

·After they landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, UK, and the U.S. pushed from the west towards Germany, while the Soviet Union pushed from the East – Germany was fighting a two front war.

·The Allied powers also attacked Sicily and North Africa where Italy was fighting. The Tuskegee Airmen played a major role in the fight in Sicily.

·       T will ask in depth questions about the subject including: What thoughts were going through the soldiers that were the first off the landing boats off the coast of Normandy?  Why did the attack on Normandy need to be a surprise attack? Why did the Allied Powers come with such a big army? Why was it important to open up the Western front in Europe? Why was Normandy so deadly?

·       T will have the Ss discuss these questions with partners and then with the class.

Students:

·       Ss will fill out their graphic organizers.

·       Ss will answer questions.

·       Ss will be cooperative during the brief PowerPoint

3. GUIDED PRACTICE (20 min.)

 

Teacher:

·       T will then have the Ss watch a short newsreel about the U.S. invasion of Normandy and the European Theater (European Theater Newsreel – Lesson 15 – World War II European Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit):.

·       T will have the Ss fill out a graphic organizer as they watch which will have questions on it like: What was the point of this Newsreel? What kind of images were being shown?

·       T will then read a newspaper article from June 7, 1944 with Ss; the day after the invasion (D-Day Newspaper Article – Lesson 15 – World War II European Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit):

·       T will have the Ss work on various reading strategies.

·       T will monitor the room, stopping to ask the Ss if I can help clarify.

·       T will recognize that because the article is from the New York Times, it is challenging and will need a lot of clarification as it is read.

·       T may also pick out excerpts from the piece and read the entire thing.

Students:

·       Ss will watch the films.

·       Ss will read the newspaper article.

4. INDEPENDENT PRACTICE (20 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will introduce an activity that will involve students making their own newspaper articles about the invasion of Normandy (Newspaper Article Template – Lesson 15 – World War II European Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit):.

·       T will hand out a sheet that will tell the Ss that they were selected for special assignment for the New York Times. They have been asked to join U.S. soldiers that are landing on the beaches to report back the events. The reporting must be very descriptive so the people back home can visualize the heroics, the deadliness, and the overall event.

·       T will help those Ss that are not as skilled in writing and who need extra help with this particular topic (remediation).

·       T will encourage the higher-level students to go beyond the obvious feelings of being scared and really think about the mental exhaustion, etc.

Students:

·       Ss will complete their newspaper article.

5. CLOSING (5 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will have the Ss read a couple of their newspaper articles

·       T will collect the newspaper articles

·       T will review the main points

·       T will preview the class: Ss will learn about the must horrible aspect of World War II: the Holocaust

·       T will hand out permission slips to Ss to ask them if they can watch part of the movie Anne Frank.

·       T will ask the Ss if they have any final questions.

·       T will remind the Ss of their homework – project on the World War II leaders.

Student:

·       Students will answer questions.

·       Students will ask any last minute questions.

·       Students will pay attention to topic of next lesson.

 

HOMEWORK (if appropriate).

Project on the leaders of World War II

Teacher's Reflection:

In the guided practice portion of the lesson, the New York Times article that was published the day after D-Day is rather lengthy and challenging. Therefore, when I did this lesson with my class, I read portions of the article with them and helped summarize parts that contained difficult vocabulary. 

Lesson Resources

PowerPoint - Lesson 15 - World War II European Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Smart Board
2,190
Key Note - Lesson 15 - World War II European Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Smart Board
465
Graphic Organizer - Lesson 15 - World War II European Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Notes
2,240
European Theater Newsreel - Lesson 15 - World War II European Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Other
959
Newspaper Article - Lesson 15 - World War II European Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Reading Passage
971
Newspaper Activity Template - Lesson 15 - World War II European Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Writing Assignment
1,284
Lesson Plan - Lesson 15 - World War II European Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Lesson Plan
1,217
New York Times article from D-Day
6504

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