Lesson: Conclusion Paragraph

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to use a formula to write conclusion paragraphs for research papers.

Lesson Plan

Connection (3-5 mins): Students should be seated on the carpet.  They will be expected to turn and talk to their partner during this lesson.  Researchers, can you believe how much of your paper is already completed?  We are already ready to write our conclusion paragraphs.  All of your hard work has paid off and now it’s time to conclude our paper.  The conclusion paragraph is important because it sums up everything you have learned as a researcher and allows you to support your ideas about the topic. 

Teach/Active Engagement (10-12 mins):  Just like our research papers need clear beginnings, we have to write clear endings.  The conclusion paragraph should close up your paper and tie up any loose ends.  Most conclusion paragraphs have two parts, this will help us structure our conclusion paragraphs.

The first part of a conclusion paragraph is a summary statement.  This statement is normally one to two sentences that restate our goals of the paper in a new way, or the main idea.  The hardest part about the summary statement is that we want this statement to be worded differently than our introduction paragraph ideas.  Let me show you an example.  Teacher unveils teaching chart for the day with the following sentences.

Here is an example of thesis statements and summary statements:

Thesis Statement: Many Americans are buying the Toyota Corolla because of its competitive price, fuel economy, and high resale value.

Summary Statement: Reasonable pricing, low miles per gallon, and an attractive resale value have all contributed to the popularity of the Toyota Corolla in today's market.

Teacher reads aloud examples from chart.  Notice how the thesis statement uses different words and organizes the information in a new way.  The information is still the same, that Americans are buying Corolla’s but the wording is different.  Let’s try to write a summary statement using my Abraham Lincoln example.

My thesis statement was: Abraham Lincoln’s life was interesting including his childhood, career decisions, and his death.  Turn and tell your partner another way to write this statement.  Teacher calls on students to share and writes sentence on chart paper, modeling the process.  If I need to reword this statement to write my summary statement I could write.  Abraham Lincoln’s life was greatly affected by events in his childhood, his decisions as president, and his surprising death. 

The second part of a conclusion paragraph is your final thought about the topic.  This should express your opinion and leave the reader with an idea about your thoughts on the topic.  This is your last opportunity to connect with the reader.  You might end with a question or a general statement about your topic.  For example, I could end my paragraph by stating, “ Would you want to live a life as interesting at Abraham Lincoln?”.  Let’s try to think of other ways to end our paragraph.  Turn and tell your partner another example of a final sentence.  Students should turn and talk.  Teacher calls on partners to share out and records their responses.

You all did such a great job.  With were able to practice many different options.  I know when you return to your seats you will be able to write amazing conclusion paragraphs.  To help you, you will use a template to make sure you include all the important parts of a conclusion paragraph.  Off you go!

Workshop Time (15-20 mins): Students should return to their seats.  They will use the same format as modeling in the lesson to write their conclusion paragraph.  I provide students with a worksheet with the parts of a conclusion paragraph and space to write their own paragraph.  This is helpful because it gives students a checklist and visual reminder of what is required in a conclusion paragraph.  If students finish early, they may share their paragraph with a partner for peer editing.

Exit Slip/Share (3-5 mins): The teacher should collect the conclusion paragraphs for each student.  Teacher should try to provide feedback for each student before the next writing session. I like to highlight a few students work by having them share out loud their conclusion paragraphs.  The class is able to provide feedback to those students and praise their work.

Reflection: This is the culminating lesson for the writing portion of research writing.  The following three lessons are focused on specific editing skills I noticed my students needed during the unit.  I found that giving students the requirements for the conclusion paper made it easier for them to complete.  However, many students struggled with changing the wording of their original thesis and instead wanted to copy the exact thesis again.  If I taught this lesson again I would provide more examples of ways to reword a thesis in the conclusion paragraph.

Lesson Resources

Conclusion Paragraph Organizer  


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